անալութ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

According to Martirosyan derived by analogical restoration of -u- and metathesis from Proto-Armenian *alantʰ, by apocope from *alantʰo-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁(o)l-Hn-th₂o- (deer, hind). Cognates include Old Church Slavonic алънии (alŭnii, doe), Russian лань (lanʹ), Lithuanian élnis (deer), Middle Irish ailit (doe, hind).

Alternatively, a Semitic loan: compare Akkadian [script needed] (nayālu, nālu, roe deer).

Noun[edit]

անալութ (analutʿ)

  1. a kind of deer, hind (probably fallow deer)
    • 5th century, Bible, Book of Deuteronomy 14.4–5
      [] այս անասունք են զորս ուտիցէք․ արջառ եւ ոչխար ի հօտից, եւ նոխազ յայծեաց՝ զեղջերու եւ զայծեամն, եւ զգօմէշ եւ զխարբուզ եւ զայծքաղ եւ զյամոյր եւ զանալութ []
      [] ays anasunkʿ en zors uticʿēkʿ; arǰaṙ ew očʿxar i hōticʿ, ew noxaz yayceacʿ, zełǰeru ew zayceamn, ew zgōmēš ew zxarbuz ew zayckʿał ew zyamoyr ew zanalutʿ []
      [] these are the beasts which ye shall eat: the cattle and the sheep from the flock, and the he-goat from the goats, the hart, and the roebuck, and the buffalo, and the xarbuz, and the antelope, and the yamoyr, and the analutʿ []

Usage notes[edit]

The meaning “giraffe”, which has been assumed on the basis of a Biblical attestation, has been misconstrued.

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “անալութ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “անալութ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “անալութ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “analut‘”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 65