ասեմ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Usually derived from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ǵ-, from *h₂eǵ-(to say), whence also Ancient Greek (ê, he spoke), Latin aiō(I say) and Tocharian B ākṣäṃ(wird verkünden). The -ս-(-s-) instead of expected -ծ-(-c-) is probably from a perfect formation *h₂ǵ-t-ստ-(-st-) and a generalisation of -ս-(-s-). The regular reflex *ած-(*ac-) may be seen in առած(aṙac).

Verb[edit]

ասեմ (asem)  (aorist indicative ասացի)

  1. to say, to express, to speak, to relate, to recite, to tell, to recount, to declare, to pronounce, to utter, to dictate
    ասել յառաջագոյն‎ ― asel yaṙaǰagoyn ― to foretell
    ասել վերստին‎ ― asel verstin ― to repeat
    չարիս ասել զումեքէ‎ ― čʿaris asel zumekʿē ― to speak badly of a person
    բարիս ասել զումեքէ‎ ― baris asel zumekʿē ― to speak well of a person
    ասա՛ ինձ‎ ― asá inj ― tell me
    պարտ է ասել‎ ― part ē asel ― one must say
    որպէս ասացաք‎ ― orpēs asacʿakʿ ― as we have said
    համառօտ ասել‎ ― hamaṙōt asel ― briefly, in one word
    չգիտեմ զինչ ասել‎ ― čʿgitem zinčʿ asel ― I know not what to say
    զինչ ասիցեն զքէն‎ ― zinčʿ asicʿen zkʿēn ― what will they say of you?
    անհիմն է զոր ասեսդ‎ ― anhimn ē zor asesd ― what you say is without foundation
    չգիտէ զոր ինչ ասէ‎ ― čʿgitē zor inčʿ asē ― he does not know what he says
    ցանգ զնոյն ասել‎ ― cʿang znoyn asel ― to repeat always the same thing
    ասել զկարծիս իւր զիմեքէ‎ ― asel zkarcis iwr zimekʿē ― to give one's opinion on some thing
    սուտ ասել‎ ― sut asel ― to tell falsehoods or lies
    ասել զճշմարտութիւն‎ ― asel zčšmartutʿiwn ― to speak the truth
    ոչ ասել‎ ― očʿ asel ― to say no
    ասել այո‎ ― asel ayo ― to say yes
    զինչ կամիցի ասել այս‎ ― zinčʿ kamicʿi asel ays ― what does that mean?
    այլ զինչ ասեմս‎ ― ayl zinčʿ asems ― but what do I say?
    ըստ ասելոյ իւրաքանչիւր‎ ― əst aseloy iwrakʿančʿiwr ― as everyone says
    ասել ընդ միտս‎ ― asel ənd mits ― to say to one's self
    զայս իբրեւ ասաց‎ ― zays ibrew asacʿ ― when he has said that, at these words
    զայս ասացեալ‎ ― zays asacʿeal ― that said
  2. to sing (said of birds)

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “աս”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “ասեմ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “ասեմ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “asem”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 103, 117
  • Godel, Robert (1975) An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 51
  • Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, ISBN 3-89500-219-4, page 256