ասեմ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Usually derived from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ǵ-, zero-grade of *h₂eǵ- (to say), whence also Ancient Greek ἠμί (ēmí, to say), Latin aiō (to say) and Tocharian B ākṣäṃ (will proclaim).[1][2][3] The -ս- (-s-) instead of expected -ծ- (-c-) is probably from a perfect formation *h₂ǵ-t-ստ- (-st-) and a generalisation of -ս- (-s-).[3] The regular reflex *ած- (*ac-) may be seen in առած (aṙac).[3]

Verb[edit]

ասեմ (asem)  (aorist indicative ասացի)

  1. to say, to express, to speak, to relate, to recite, to tell, to recount, to declare, to pronounce, to utter, to dictate
    ասել յառաջագոյնasel yaṙaǰagoynto foretell
    ասել վերստինasel verstinto repeat
    չարիս ասել զումեքէčʿaris asel zumekʿēto speak badly of a person
    բարիս ասել զումեքէbaris asel zumekʿēto speak well of a person
    ասա՛ ինձasá injtell me
    պարտ է ասելpart ē aselone must say
    որպէս ասացաքorpēs asacʿakʿas we have said
    համառօտ ասելhamaṙōt aselbriefly, in one word
    չգիտեմ զինչ ասելčʿgitem zinčʿ aselI know not what to say
    զինչ ասիցեն զքէնzinčʿ asicʿen zkʿēnwhat will they say of you?
    անհիմն է զոր ասեսդanhimn ē zor asesdwhat you say is without foundation
    չգիտէ զոր ինչ ասէčʿgitē zor inčʿ asēhe does not know what he says
    ցանգ զնոյն ասելcʿang znoyn aselto repeat always the same thing
    ասել զկարծիս իւր զիմեքէasel zkarcis iwr zimekʿēto give one's opinion on some thing
    սուտ ասելsut aselto tell falsehoods or lies
    ասել զճշմարտութիւնasel zčšmartutʿiwnto speak the truth
    ոչ ասելočʿ aselto say no
    ասել այոasel ayoto say yes
    զինչ կամիցի ասել այսzinčʿ kamicʿi asel ayswhat does that mean?
    այլ զինչ ասեմսayl zinčʿ asemsbut what do I say?
    ըստ ասելոյ իւրաքանչիւրəst aseloy iwrakʿančʿiwras everyone says
    ասել ընդ միտսasel ənd mitsto say to one's self
    զայս իբրեւ ասացzays ibrew asacʿwhen he has said that, at these words
    զայս ասացեալzays asacʿealthat said
  2. to sing (said of birds)

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “աս”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, ISBN 3-89500-219-4, page 256
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “asem”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 103, 117

Further reading[edit]

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “ասեմ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “ասեմ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Godel, Robert (1975) An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 51