արծուի

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Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Two possibilities exist.

Diakonoff argues for an Urartian borrowing; compare Urartian [script needed] ‎(Arṣibini), attested as a name of a horse, possibly meaning ‘Eagle’, and the theonym [script needed] ‎(Arṣibedini).

On the other hand, Martirosyan and Ačaṙyan consider the word to be of native origin, inherited from Proto-Indo-European *h₂r̥ǵipió-, with Sanskrit ऋजिप्य ‎(ṛjipyá, darting along) (an epithet of श्येन ‎(śyená, eagle)), Avestan [script needed] ‎(ərəzifiiō.parəna-, having eagle-feathers), Middle Persian ʾlwh ‎(āluh, eagle), Manichaean Middle Persian ʾʾlwp ‎(āluf, eagle) as cognates. In the latter case the Urartian word is a borrowing from Proto-Armenian; the element di- in [script needed] ‎(Arṣibedini) could then be borrowed from Armenian դիք ‎(dikʿ, gods).

Noun[edit]

արծուի ‎(arcui

  1. eagle
    ձագ արծուոյ‎ ― jag arcuoy ― eaglet
    էգ արծուի‎ ― ēg arcui ― eagless
  2. (astronomy) Aquila

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The word has three combining forms: արծուե- ‎(arcue-), արծուա- ‎(arcua-), արծ- ‎(arc-). The last two are post-classical, and are from the form արծիւ ‎(arciw).

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Igor M. Diakonoff (1985), Hurro-Urartian Borrowings in Old Armenian. In: Journal of the American Oriental Society 105.4: 597–603
  • “arcui” in Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 139
  • Robert Godel (1975), An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 76
  • արծուի in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan]
  • արծուի in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • արծուի in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language, a.k.a. NHB], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy