արծուի

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Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Two possibilities exist.

Diakonoff argues for an Urartian borrowing; compare Urartian [script needed] (Arṣibini), attested as a name of a horse, possibly meaning ‘Eagle’, and the theonym [script needed] (Arṣibedini).

On the other hand, Martirosyan and Ačaṙyan consider the word to be of native origin, inherited from Proto-Indo-European *h₂r̥ǵipyós, with Sanskrit ऋजिप्य (ṛjipyá, darting along) (an epithet of श्येन (śyená, eagle)), Avestan 𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬰𐬌𐬟𐬌𐬌𐬋.𐬞𐬀𐬭𐬆𐬥𐬀 (ərəzifiiō.parəna, having eagle-feathers), Middle Persian ʾlwh (āluh, eagle), Manichaean Middle Persian ʾʾlwp (āluf, eagle) as cognates. In the latter case the Urartian word is a borrowing from Proto-Armenian; the element di- in [script needed] (Arṣibedini) could then be borrowed from Old Armenian դիք (dikʿ, gods).

Noun[edit]

արծուի (arcui)

  1. eagle
    ձագ արծուոյjag arcuoyeaglet
    էգ արծուիēg arcuieagless
  2. (astronomy) Aquila

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The word has three combining forms: արծուե- (arcue-), արծուա- (arcua-), արծ- (arc-). The last two are post-classical, and are from the form արծիւ (arciw).

Derived terms[edit]



Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Diakonoff, Igor M. (1985), “Hurro-Urartian Borrowings in Old Armenian”, in Journal of the American Oriental Society[1], volume 105, issue 4, pages 597–603
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “arcui”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 139
  • Godel, Robert (1975) An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 76
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “արծուի”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “արծուի”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “արծուի”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy