բուռն

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian բուռն (buṙn); see below.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

բուռն (buṙn)

  1. impetuous, vehement; violent
    բուռն ծափերbuṙn capʿer — wild applause

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain. The sense “strong, violent” may be etymologically distinct from the sense “hollow of the hand; fist”; it may derive from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrH-on-, from the root *bʰerH-, and be cognate with արբուն (arbun), Sanskrit भूर्णि (bhūrṇi-, zealous, wild), भुरण (bhuraṇa, active, quick, lively), Ancient Greek φυρμός (phurmos, confused mass).

Noun[edit]

բուռն (buṙn) (singular genitive բռին or բռան, plural genitive բռանց, plural բռունք)

  1. hollow of the hand; cupped hand
    բուռն միbuṙn mi — a handful
  2. fist
    բուռն հարկանելbuṙn harkanel — to undertake, begin
    ի բուռն արկանել, առնուլ, զբռամբ ածել, արկանել, ընդ բռամբ ունելi buṙn arkanel, aṙnul, zbṙamb acel, arkanel, ənd bṙamb unel — to take, to grasp, to arrest; to rule, to conquer, to subjugate
    բուռն հարկանել զօձեացbuṙn harkanel zōjeacʿ — to take by the neck
  3. (figuratively) power, authority
    ի բուռն գալ, անկանելi buṙn gal, ankanel — to be taken, seized, arrested
  4. (figuratively) violence, force, tyranny
    բուռն առնել, լինել, ի վերայ դնելbuṙn aṙnel, linel, i veray dnel — to force, to offer violence
    ի բռին ունել, դնել զոգի/զոգիսնi bṙin unel, dnel zogi/zogisn — to risk, to hazard, to expose one's self to peril
  5. (figuratively) tyrant, usurper

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

բուռն (buṙn) (singular genitive բռին or բռան, plural genitive բռանց, plural բռունք))

  1. strong, violent, impetuous, furious, fiery, spirited, energetic, unruly, vehement, vigorous, angry, enraged, tyrannical, predominant, powerful

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

բուռն (buṙn)

  1. (figuratively) violently, ardently; with violence
    բուռն դէտ/դէպ ունելbuṙn dēt/dēp unel — to aim at

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • բուռն in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • բուռն in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • բուռն in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, page 194