բուռն

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian բուռն (buṙn); see below.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

բուռն (buṙn) (superlative ամենաբուռն)

  1. impetuous, vehement; violent
    բուռն ծափերbuṙn capʿerwild applause

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain.

The sense “strong, violent” may be etymologically distinct from the sense “hollow of the hand; fist”; the former may derive from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrH-on-, from the root *bʰerH-, and be cognate with արբուն (arbun), Sanskrit भूर्णि (bhūrṇi-, zealous, wild), भुरण (bhuraṇa, active, quick, lively), Ancient Greek φυρμός (phurmós, confused mass).

Noun[edit]

բուռն (buṙn)

  1. hollow of the hand; cupped hand
    բուռն միbuṙn mia handful
  2. fist
    բուռն հարկանելbuṙn harkanelto undertake, begin
    ի բուռն արկանել, առնուլ, զբռամբ ածել, արկանել, ընդ բռամբ ունելi buṙn arkanel, aṙnul, zbṙamb acel, arkanel, ənd bṙamb unelto take, to grasp, to arrest; to rule, to conquer, to subjugate
    բուռն հարկանել զօձեացbuṙn harkanel zōjeacʿto take by the neck
  3. (figuratively) power, authority
    ի բուռն գալ, անկանելi buṙn gal, ankanelto be taken, seized, arrested
  4. (figuratively) violence, force, tyranny
    բուռն առնել, լինել, ի վերայ դնելbuṙn aṙnel, linel, i veray dnelto force, to offer violence
    ի բռին ունել, դնել զոգի/զոգիսնi bṙin unel, dnel zogi/zogisnto risk, to hazard, to expose one's self to peril
  5. (figuratively) tyrant, usurper

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

բուռն (buṙn)

  1. strong, violent, impetuous, furious, fiery, spirited, energetic, unruly, vehement, vigorous, angry, enraged, tyrannical, predominant, powerful

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

բուռն (buṙn)

  1. (figuratively) violently, ardently; with violence
    բուռն դէտ/դէպ ունելbuṙn dēt/dēp unelto aim at

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “բուռն”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “բուռն”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “բուռն”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 194