խնձոր

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Armenian[edit]

խնձոր

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian խնձոր (xnjor).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

խնձոր (xnjor)

  1. apple

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hurrian 𒄭𒂗𒍪𒊒 (ḫe-en-zu-ru /ḫenzūru, ḫinzur(i)/) (possibly to be transcribed ḫnzor(i)), or its unattested Urartian cognate. Akkadian 𒄭𒂗𒍪𒊒 (/ḫinzūru/), Aramaic חֲזוּרָא(ḥăzzūrā), Classical Syriac ܚܙܘܪܐ(ḥazzūrā) are borrowed from the same source.

Noun[edit]

խնձոր (xnjor)

  1. apple (fruit)
    • 5th century, Pʿawstos Buzand, Hayoc Patmutʿiwnʿ [History of the Armenians] V.7:[1]
      Եւ ի ժամ աղանդեր մատուցանելոյ՝ եդին առաջի նորա միրգ, խնձոր եւ վարունգ եւ ամիճ, զի կերիցէ․
      Ew i žam ałander matucʿaneloy, edin aṙaǰi nora mirg, xnjor ew varung ew amič, zi kericʿē;
      • Translation by Nina G. Garsoïan
        And at the time for the presentation of dessert, they placed fruit before [Aršak]—apples and cucumbers and amič, that he might eat.
  2. apple tree
  3. (figurative) the round part of the dome under the cross

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: խնձոր (xnjor)
  • Middle Armenian: խնծոր (xncor)

Further reading[edit]

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837) , “խնձոր”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979) , “խնձոր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Bläsing, Uwe (2019) , “Die armenischen Pflanzennamen in Peter Simon Pallas’ Flora Rossica. Eine Studie zu Etymologie und sprachlicher Interaktion”, in U. Bläsing, J. Dum-Tragut, T.M. van Lint, editors, Armenian, Hittite, and Indo-European Studies: A Commemoration Volume for Jos J.S. Weitenberg (Hebrew University Armenian Studies; 15) (in German), Leuven: Peeters, page 19
  • Diakonoff, Igor M. (1985) , “Hurro-Urartian Borrowings in Old Armenian”, in Journal of the American Oriental Society[1], volume 105, issue 4, pages 597–603
  • Kitazumi, Tomoki (2013) , “Zum Problem der Gleichung heth. Ḫayaša- = armen. haykʿ”, in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft (in German), volume 163, pages 512–514
  • Kogan, Leonid (2011) , “Proto-Semitic Phonetics and Phonology”, in Weninger, Stefan, editor, The Semitic Languages. An International Handbook (Handbücher zur Sprach- und Kommunikationswissenschaft – Handbooks of Linguistics and Communication Science; 36), Berlin: De Gruyter, →ISBN, pages 68–69
  • Löw, Immanuel (1924) Die Flora der Juden[2] (in German), volume 3, Wien und Leipzig: R. Löwit, page 234
  • Mkrtčjan, N. A. (1983) , “Substratnyje nazvanija rastenij v armjanskom jazyke [Substratum Plant Names in Armenian]”, in Drevnij Vostok (in Russian), issue 4, Yerevan: Academy Press, pages 27–28
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879) , “խնձոր”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy

References[edit]

  1. ^ Garsoïan, Nina G. (1989) The Epic Histories Attributed to P‘awstos Buzand (Buzandaran Patmut‘iwnk‘): Translation and Commentary, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, page 199