ծաղիկ

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Armenian[edit]

ծաղիկ

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian ծաղիկ (całik).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ծաղիկ (całik)

  1. flower
  2. (figuratively) the pick, the cream, the best part
  3. (medicine) smallpox
    Synonym: ծաղկախտ (całkaxt)

Usage notes[edit]

Has the combining form ծաղկե- (całke-), with the irregular interfix -ե- (-e-).

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of unknown origin.[1] Sometimes derived from the Proto-Indo-European source of ծաղր (całr).[2]

Noun[edit]

ծաղիկ (całik)

  1. flower
    • 5th century, Agatʿangełos, Patmutʿiwn Hayocʿ [History of the Armenians] 645:[3][4]
      Սոյնպէս եւ գունակ գունակ եւ երփն երփն ծաղկանցն․ որպէս մանրագորն եւ վարդն եւ շուշանն եւ ասպազանն եւ յասմիկն եւ անիարն եւ սմնակն եւ ներգիսն եւ շամպղիտակն եւ մեղրուկն, հօրօտն եւ մօրօտն եւ մանիշակն․ եւ այլն ամենայն համասպրամ ծաղկանցն եւ ծառոցն բոյսք բողբոջոցն գարնանւոյն երեւեսցին յետ ձմերանւոյն։
      Soynpēs ew gunak gunak ew erpʿn erpʿn całkancʿn; orpēs manragorn ew vardn ew šušann ew aspazann ew yasmikn ew aniarn ew smnakn ew nergisn ew šampłitakn ew mełrukn, hōrōtn ew mōrōtn ew manišakn; ew ayln amenayn hamaspram całkancʿn ew caṙocʿn boyskʿ bołboǰocʿn garnanwoyn erewescʿin yet jmeranwoyn.
      • Translation by Robert W. Thomson
        Likewise the various kinds and colors of flowers, like the mandrake and rose, and lily and soldanel, and jasmin and lotus, and sumach and narcissus, and arum and lungwort, and hyacinth and poppy and violet. And of all the other fragrant flowers and trees, the budding shoots will appear in spring after the winter.
  2. (medicine) smallpox
  3. (figuratively) beauty, youth, bloom
    ի ծաղիկ մանկութեաննi całik mankutʿeannin his earliest years
    ի ծաղկի լինելi całki linelto be about to blossom; to be in the bloom of youth
    ի ծաղկի/ի ծաղիկ հասակինi całki/i całik hasakinin the prime of life; in the of manhood
    ծաղիկ գունոցcałik gunocʿsplendour, vivacity of colour
  4. (figuratively) flower, choice, best
    ծաղիկ աղիcałik ałifine salt

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “ծաղիկ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “ծաղիկ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “ծաղիկ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press
  2. ^ Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 459
  3. ^ Agatʿangełos (1909), G. Tēr-Mkrtčʿean and St. Kanayeancʿ, editors, Patmutʿiwn Hayocʿ [History of Armenia] (Patmagirkʿ hayocʿ; I.2)‎[1], Tiflis: Aragatip Mnacʿakan Martiroseancʿi, pages 330–331
  4. ^ Thomson, Robert W. (2001) The teaching of Saint Gregory (Avant: Treasures of the Armenian Christian Tradition; 1), revised edition, New Rochelle, New York: St. Nersess Armenian Seminary, page 207