ծանր

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian ծանր (canr); see below.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ծանր (canr)

  1. heavy
    ծանր քարcanr kʿar — heavy stone
  2. cumbersome, unwieldy
  3. (figuratively) serious, grave; distressing, painful; excruciating; heavy, severe; hard, difficult, tough
    ծանր առաջադրանքcanr aṙaǰadrankʿ — tough task
  4. (of a character) difficult, tough
  5. (of a literary style) ponderous, heavy
  6. turbid (for understanding)

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

  • (heavy): թեթև (tʿetʿew) (t'et'ev)

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from a Kartvelian language. Compare Georgian წონა (cona, weight) and Laz წონ (con, to weigh).

Adjective[edit]

ծանր (canr

  1. heavy, weighty
  2. massive, voluminous, great
  3. (figuratively) difficult, hard, onerous, laborious; disagreeable, troublesome, importunate; grievous, serious, preponderating; sluggish, tardy, dull; hard (of hearing); strong, rank
    ծանր քունcanr kʿun — deep sleep
    ծանր կերակուրcanr kerakur — indigestible food
    ծանր շունչcanr šunčʿ — bad breath
    ծանր հարուածcanr haruac — violent blow
    ծանր, ծանունսcanr, canuns — heavily; grievously; deeply; vigorously; seriously; painfully
    ծանունս սխալելcanuns sxalel — to be greatly mistaken
    ծանունս լսելcanuns lsel — to give no ear, to pretend not to hear
    ծանր թուիլcanr tʿuil — to take ill, to be displeased, angry, enraged
    մի ինչ ծանր թուեսցի քեզmi inčʿ canr tʿuescʿi kʿez — do not take it ill, do not be displeased
    ծանր է քեզ բանդ այդcanr ē kʿez band ayd — the thing is above your ability
    ծանր է ինձcanr ē inj — that is a heavy sacrifice for me
    ծանր ծանր երդմունքcanr canr erdmunkʿ — dreadful oaths
    թողէք զծանր oրինացնtʿołēkʿ zcanr orinacʿn — you have omitted the weightier matters of the law
  4. pregnant
    ծանր կինcanr kin — woman with child
  5. (grammar) grave

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ծանր in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • ծանր in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • ծանր in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • Robert Godel (1975), An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 33