ծանր

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian ծանր ‎(canr); see below.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ծանր ‎(canr) ‎(superlative ամենածանր)

  1. heavy
    ծանր քար‎ ― canr kʿar ― heavy stone
  2. cumbersome, unwieldy
  3. (figuratively) serious, grave; distressing, painful; excruciating; heavy, severe; hard, difficult, tough
    ծանր առաջադրանք‎ ― canr aṙaǰadrankʿ ― tough task
  4. (of a character) difficult, tough
  5. (of a literary style) ponderous, heavy
  6. turbid (for understanding)

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from a Kartvelian language. Compare Georgian წონა ‎(c̣ona, weight) and Laz წონ ‎(c̣on, to weigh).

Adjective[edit]

ծանր ‎(canr)

  1. heavy, weighty
  2. massive, voluminous, great
  3. (figuratively) difficult, hard, onerous, laborious; disagreeable, troublesome, importunate; grievous, serious, preponderating; sluggish, tardy, dull; hard (of hearing); strong, rank
    ծանր քուն‎ ― canr kʿun ― deep sleep
    ծանր կերակուր‎ ― canr kerakur ― indigestible food
    ծանր շունչ‎ ― canr šunčʿ ― bad breath
    ծանր հարուած‎ ― canr haruac ― violent blow
    ծանր, ծանունս‎ ― canr, canuns ― heavily; grievously; deeply; vigorously; seriously; painfully
    ծանունս սխալել‎ ― canuns sxalel ― to be greatly mistaken
    ծանունս լսել‎ ― canuns lsel ― to give no ear, to pretend not to hear
    ծանր թուիլ‎ ― canr tʿuil ― to take ill, to be displeased, angry, enraged
    մի ինչ ծանր թուեսցի քեզ‎ ― mi inčʿ canr tʿuescʿi kʿez ― do not take it ill, do not be displeased
    ծանր է քեզ բանդ այդ‎ ― canr ē kʿez band ayd ― the thing is above your ability
    ծանր է ինձ‎ ― canr ē inj ― that is a heavy sacrifice for me
    ծանր ծանր երդմունք‎ ― canr canr erdmunkʿ ― dreadful oaths
    թողէք զծանր oրինացն‎ ― tʿołēkʿ zcanr orinacʿn ― you have omitted the weightier matters of the law
  4. pregnant
    ծանր կին‎ ― canr kin ― woman with child
  5. (grammar) grave

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “ծանր”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “ծանր”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “ծանր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Godel, Robert (1975) An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 33