կիր

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian կիր ‎(kir); see there for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

կիր ‎(kir)

  1. (mineralogy) lime, calcium oxide

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Akkadian 𒌋𒀜 ‎(kīru), from Sumerian 𒌋𒀜 ‎(gir, oven, kiln).

Noun[edit]

կիր ‎(kir)

  1. (mineralogy) lime
    կենդանի կիր‎ ― kendani kir ― quicklime
    շիջեալ կիր‎ ― šiǰeal kir ― slack lime
    պարարտ կիր‎ ― parart kir ― fat or white lime
    վտիտ կիր‎ ― vtit kir ― meagre or brown lime
    ջրաբաշխական կիր‎ ― ǰrabašxakan kir ― hydraulic lime
    հռոմէական կիր‎ ― hṙomēakan kir ― Roman cement
    փոխարկել ի կիր, կիր գործել‎ ― pʿoxarkel i kir, kir gorcel ― to reduce to lime; to calcine
  2. (chemistry) calx
  3. (figuratively, pathology) a kind of white blister, morphew (a malignant itch)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “կիր”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “կիր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935