հայ

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Armenian[edit]

Armenian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hy

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian հայ (hay).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

հայ (hay)

  1. Armenian
    Հա՞յ ես։Ha?y es.Are you an Armenian?

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

հայ (hay)

  1. Armenian

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is disputed. The stem of the word is հայո- (hayo-), as evidenced by the o-type declension.

According to Diakonoff, the ethnonym derives from Proto-Armenian *hatiyos, *hatyos, from Urartian [script needed] (Ḫāti, the land of Hittites); compare Hittite [script needed] (Ḫatti). This name was given by Urartians to all lands west of Euphrates, including the territory around Malatya occupied by Proto-Armenians. When the Urartians were assimilated among the Proto-Armenians, they took over their Indo-European language and started calling themselves by the same name of the “Hittites”.[1]

On the other hand, Martirosyan connects հայ (hay) with the country name Hayaša- and derives both from Proto-Indo-European *áyos, h₂éyos (metal). He explains Hayaša- as “the land of metal or iron” and հայ (hay) as “inhabitant of the land of metal or iron”. Hayasa, located on the north-western corner of historical Armenia, was famous for metalworking.[2]

An old proposal derives the word from Proto-Indo-European *pótis (lord, master), but a Proto-Indo-European *po- would yield Old Armenian ո- (o-): compare ոտն (otn).

Armenian tradition connects the word with the nation's legendary eponym Հայկ (Hayk).

For the other names of the Armenians see Old Persian 𐎠𐎼𐎷𐎡𐎴 (a-r-mi-i-n /Armina/), Georgian სომეხი (somexi) and Northern Kurdish file.

Noun[edit]

հայ (hay)

  1. Armenian
    հայքhaykʿthe Armenians, the Armenian nation

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

հայ (hay)

  1. Armenian
    հայ լեզու, բարբառhay lezu, barbaṙthe Armenian language
    թարգմանել ի հայ, յեղուլ ի հայ բանtʿargmanel i hay, yełul i hay banto translate into Armenian, into the Armenian language

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dʹjakonov, I. M. (1968), S. T. Jeremjan, editor, Predystorija armjanskovo naroda. Istorija Armjanskovo nagorʹja s 1500 po 500 g. do n.e. Xurrity, luvijcy, protoarmjane [The Pre-History of the Armenian People. The History of the Armenian Highland from 1500 to 500 BC. Hurrians, Luwians, Proto-Armenians]‎[1] (in ru), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 236
  2. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “hay”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 382–385

Further reading[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “հայ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “հայ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in xcl), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy