հայ

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Armenian[edit]

Armenian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia hy

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian հայ ‎(hay).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

հայ ‎(hay)

  1. Armenian
    Հա՞յ ես։Ha?y es. ― Are you an Armenian?

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

հայ ‎(hay)

  1. Armenian

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is disputed. The stem of the word is հայո- ‎(hayo-), as evidenced by the o-type declension.

According to Diakonoff, the ethnonym derives from Proto-Armenian *hatiyos, *hatyos, from Urartian [script needed] ‎(Ḫāti, the land of Hittites); compare Hittite [script needed] ‎(Ḫatti). This name was given by Urartians to all lands west of Euphrates, including the territory around Malatya occupied by Proto-Armenians. When the Urartians were assimilated among the Proto-Armenians, they took over their Indo-European language and started calling themselves by the same name of the “Hittites”. However, since the regular reflex of is խ ‎(x) in Armenian, not հ ‎(h), this seems unlikely. This theory is also anachronistic, since it is unlikely the term [script needed] ‎(Ḫāti) would have been applied after the fall of the Hittite empire, much less to the Urartians themselves.

Martirosyan connects հայ ‎(hay) with Hayaša- and derives both from Proto-Indo-European *áyos, h₂éyos ‎(metal). He explains Hayaša- as “the land of metal or iron” and հայ ‎(hay) as “inhabitant of the land of metal or iron”. Hayasa, located on the north-western corner of historical Armenia, was famous for metalworking.

An old proposal derives the word from Proto-Indo-European *pótis ‎(lord, master). Sound changes make this unconvincing.

Armenian tradition connects the word with the nation's legendary eponym Հայկ ‎(Hayk).

See also Old Persian 𐎠𐎼𐎷𐎡𐎴 ‎(Armina) and Georgian სომეხი ‎(somexi).

Noun[edit]

հայ ‎(hay

  1. Armenian
    հայքhaykʿ ― the Armenians, the Armenian nation

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

հայ ‎(hay

  1. Armenian
    հայ լեզու, բարբառhay lezu, barbaṙ ― the Armenian language
    թարգմանել ի հայ, յեղուլ ի հայ բանtʿargmanel i hay, yełul i hay ban ― to translate into Armenian, into the Armenian language

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • հայ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • հայ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language, a.k.a. NHB], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • “hay” in Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, pages 382–385
  • Дьяконов И.М. Предыстория армянского народа. История Армянского нагорья с 1500 по 500 г. до н.э. Хурриты, лувийцы, протоармяне / Еремян С.Т. — Ереван: Издательство АН Армянской ССР, 1968, стр. 236