հայիմ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain. Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *peh₂- (to protect) with a semantic shift “to protect” → “to watch over” → “to watch, to look”. See also նայիմ (nayim), յայտ (yayt).

Verb[edit]

հայիմ (hayim)  (aorist indicative հայեցայ)

  1. to watch, to look, to give a look, to cast the eyes on, to see; to look upon, to gaze on, to consider attentively, to look in the face, to observe, to contemplate, to speculate, to weigh well
    գեղեցիկ հայելովgełecʿik hayelovhandsome, elegant, beautiful, charming
    հայել ի վերhayel i verto look up
    հայել ընդ պատուհաննhayel ənd patuhannto peep or look in at the window or through the window
    հայել գաղտագողիhayel gałtagołito look stealthily at
    պշուցեալ հայել յոք անյագpšucʿeal hayel yokʿ anyagto gaze with greedy or devouring eyes at, to stare at
    հայել յայրատս/յայրատութեամբhayel yayrats/yayratutʿeambto look at impudently, lustfully, lewdly
    հայել յոք սիրով, գորովալից աչօքhayel yokʿ sirov, gorovalicʿ ačʿōkʿto look at lovingly or tenderly, to look sweet upon, to cast sheep's eyes on, to ogle
    հայել խանդաղատանօքhayel xandałatanōkʿto gaze on dotingly, with fondness, with glistening eyes
    ընդ ակամբ հայել յոքənd akamb hayel yokʿto look scornfully at or with contempt
    հայել մտօքhayel mtōkʿto contemplate, to muse on
    մինչդեռ նա այսր անդր հայէրminčʿdeṙ na aysr andr hayēras he looked about or around
  2. to take care
  3. to concern, to regard
    ոչինչ հայեցեալ իočʿinčʿ hayecʿeal iin spite of, despite
  4. to have in view, to aspire to, to aim at
  5. to face, to front, to look on, to overlook

Conjugation[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

According to some there are subtleties in the meaning of three synonyms: հայել (hayel) means “to look from below upwards”, նայել (nayel) means “to look from above downwards” and տեսանել (tesanel) means “to look straight”.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “հայիմ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “հայ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 386