հեթանոս

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian հեթանոս ‎(hetʿanos); see it for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

հեթանոս ‎(hetʿanos)

  1. heathen, pagan

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ἔθνος ‎(éthnos), but the initial հ- ‎(h-) is problematic. Ačaṙyan following de Lagarde explains it by Classical Syriac mediation. On the other hand, Beekes explains the initial h- in Armenian, Coptic and Gothic by derivation from the spoken by-form ἕθνος ‎(héthnos).

Noun[edit]

հեթանոս ‎(hetʿanos)

  1. (Bible usage) Gentile, non-Jew
  2. foreigner
  3. heathen, pagan
    հեթանոսք‎ ― hetʿanoskʿ ― the heathen
  4. Greek, Hellene (as opposed to Jew)
  5. nation, people

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “հեթանոս”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “հեթանոս”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • de Lagarde, Paul (1877) Armenische Studien[1] (in German), Göttingen: Dieterich, page 87, § 1272
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1977), “հեթանոս”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume III, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, page 74
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 378