մարխ

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Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Armenian մարխ (marx).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

մարխ (marx)

  1. (dialectal) resinous wood that ignites easily

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Amatuni, Sahak (1912), “մարխ”, in Hayocʿ baṙ u ban [Armenian Words and Idioms] (in Armenian), Vagharshapat: Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin
  • Sargsyan, Artem et al., editors (2001–2012), “մարխ”, in Hayocʿ lezvi barbaṙayin baṙaran [Dialectal Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Hayastan

Middle Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Said to be from Persian مرخ(marx),[1][2] but this is doubtful in view of the variant form մախր (maxr). Related to Northern Kurdish merx (a variety of juniper), Arabic مَرْخ(marḵ, Leptadenia pyrotechnica), Akkadian 𒎌 (MEŠ /miḫru/, a fir tree”, “possibly Juniperus excelsa), Ugaritic 𐎎𐎃𐎗 (mḫr, a conifer, only retained in a place-name). All possibly continuing Hurrian 𒈠𒄴𒊑 (ma-aḫ-ri /māḫri/, juniper).[3] Compare also Lak мархъ (marq), Budukh мерх (merχ, birch).

Noun[edit]

մարխ (marx) (genitive singular մարխի)

  1. a kind of a resinous conifer, perhaps Pinus pinea or Pinus cembra
    Synonym: մարխի (marxi)
  2. the resinous wood of this tree that ignites easily
    • 13th century, Girkʿ Vastakocʿ [Geoponica] 52:
      [] եւ ապա ա՛ռ սեւ ձիւթ եւ կվենւոյ փայտի կամ մարխի սղոցուքով []
      [] ew apa áṙ sew jiwtʿ ew kvenwoy pʿayti kam marxi słocʿukʿov []

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: մարխ (marx)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1977), “մարխ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume III, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 284b
  2. ^ J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “մարխ”, in Vahan Sargsyan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, page 517a
  3. ^ Greppin, John A. C. (1991), “The Survival of Ancient Anatolian and Mesopotamian Vocabulary Until the Present”, in Journal of Near Eastern Studies[1], volume 50, issue 3, pages 206–207

Further reading[edit]

  • մարխ”, in The Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago (CAD), volume 10, M, part 2, Chicago: University of Chicago Oriental Institute, 1977, page 60
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “մարխ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Łazaryan, Ṙ. S.; Avetisyan, H. M. (2009), “մարխ”, in Miǰin hayereni baṙaran [Dictionary of Middle Armenian] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 502b
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “մարխ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Watson, Wilfred G. E. (2004), “A Botanical Snapshot of Ugaritic”, in Aula Orientalis[2], volume 22, issue 1, Barcelona, pages 115–116