սպարապետ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian սպարապետ(sparapet); see it for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

սպարապետ ‎(sparapet)

  1. (historical) sparapet

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The word was borrowed many times from Iranian, from its different dialects and over different periods. According to Pʿerixanyan, the most common spelling, սպարապետ(sparapet), is from Parthian; compare Inscriptional Parthian 𐭎𐭐𐭀𐭃𐭐𐭕𐭉(spʾdpty), Manichaean Parthian ʿspʾd(ispāδ). The less common form սպայապետ(spayapet) was borrowed later from Middle Persian, or, perhaps formed in Armenian from սպայ(spay) and պետ(pet). The spelling ասպարապետ(asparapet) is from early Middle Median *aspāδapat(i); the spelling ասպահապետ(aspahapet) is from later Middle Median *aspāhapet. All originate from Proto-Iranian *spādapati-(commander of the army), composed of *spāda-(army), whence սպայ(spay), and *pati-(lord), whence պետ(pet). Compare also Middle Persian 𐭮𐭯𐭠𐭧𐭯𐭲𐭩(spāhpet).

Noun[edit]

սպարապետ ‎(sparapet)

  1. sparapet

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “սպարապետ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “սպարապետ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “սպարապետ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Perixanjan, Anait (1993) Materialy k etimologičeskomu slovarju drevnearmjanskovo jazyka. Častʹ I [Materials for the Etymological Dictionary of the Old Armenian Language. Part 1] (in Russian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 18