սպարապետ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian սպարապետ ‎(sparapet); see it for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

սպարապետ ‎(sparapet)

  1. (historical) sparapet

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The word was borrowed many times from Iranian, from its different dialects and over different periods. According to Pʿerixanyan, the most common spelling, սպարապետ ‎(sparapet), is from Parthian; compare Inscriptional Parthian 𐭎𐭐𐭀𐭃𐭐𐭕𐭉 ‎(spʾdpty), Manichaean Parthian ʿspʾd ‎(ispāδ). The less common form սպայապետ ‎(spayapet) was borrowed later from Middle Persian, or, perhaps formed in Armenian from սպայ ‎(spay) and պետ ‎(pet). The spelling ասպարապետ ‎(asparapet) is from early Middle Median *aspāδapat(i); the spelling ասպահապետ ‎(aspahapet) is from later Middle Median *aspāhapet. All originate from Proto-Iranian *spādapati- ‎(commander of the army), composed of *spāda- ‎(army), whence սպայ ‎(spay), and *pati- ‎(lord), whence պետ ‎(pet). Compare also Middle Persian 𐭮𐭯𐭠𐭧𐭯𐭲𐭩 ‎(spāhpet).

Noun[edit]

սպարապետ ‎(sparapet

  1. sparapet

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • սպարապետ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • սպարապետ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language, a.k.a. NHB], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • սպարապետ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan]
  • Anait Perixanjan (Perikhanian) (1993), Materialy k etimologičeskomu slovarju drevnearmjanskogo jazyka [Materials for the Etymological Dictionary of the Old Armenian Language], Yerevan: Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR, page 18