և

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: and եւ
և U+0587, և
ARMENIAN SMALL LIGATURE ECH YIWN
ֆ
[U+0586]
Armenian ֈ
[U+0588]

Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • եւ (ew)alternative typography

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɛv], (word-initially or separately) IPA(key): [jɛv]
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

A ligature of ե + ւ.

Letter[edit]

և

և lowercase (uppercase ԵՒ, title-case և)

  1. The 37th letter of Armenian alphabet according to Reformed Orthography. Represents [ɛv] (but [jɛv] word-initially and separately). Transliterated as ew.
Usage notes[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Learned borrowing from Old Armenian և (ew). As an inheritance, survives only in the Suceava dialect.

Conjunction[edit]

և (ew)

  1. (somewhat formal) and
    Synonym: ու (u)
Alternative forms[edit]

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁epi (at, near). Related to ու (u).

Conjunction[edit]

և (ew)

  1. and; also, likewise
    եւ ..., եւ ...ew ..., ew ...both ... and ...
    եւ ոչew očʿneither, no, nor
    ոչ մին եւ ոչ միւսնočʿ min ew očʿ miwsnneither; neither one nor the other
    եւ երիտասարդ եւ ծերքew eritasard ew cerkʿboth young and old
    եւ այլնew aylnet cetera, and so on
    եւ այն զի, եւ այս զիew ayn zi, ew ays zithe more so
    եւ արդew ardnow, then
    եւ եւսew ewsalso, more, over, still, moreover, likewise
    եւ զի, եւ քանզիew zi, ew kʿanzisince, because
    չեւ, չեւ եւսčʿew, čʿew ewsnot yet; not till now
    չեւ տեսեալčʿew tesealbefore seeing

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: եւ (ew) (learned)

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “և”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, a reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “և”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Fortson, Benjamin W. (2010) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, second edition, Oxford: Blackwell, page 386
  • Matasović, Ranko (2009) A Grammatical Sketch of Classical Armenian[1], Zagreb, page 10
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “և”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy