אלוהים

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Hebrew[edit]

Root
א־ל־הּ

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Proto-Northwest-Semitic *ʾlh, a form of Proto-Semitic *ʾil-, whence also אל‎. Cognate with Phoenician 𐤀𐤋𐤌(ʾlm), Aramaic אֱלָהָא(ʾĕlāh) and איל‎, Akkadian 𒀭 (DINGIR /ilu‹m›/), Arabic إِلَه(ʾilah) and اللّٰه(allāh), and Ugaritic 𐎛𐎍 (ỉl).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

אלוהים \ אֱלֹהִים (elohím)

  1. indefinite plural of אֱלוֹהַּ(elóah)

Noun[edit]

אֱלוֹהִים \ אֱלֹהִים (elohímm (singular construct אלוהי \ אֱלֹהֵי־‎)

  1. A god.
  2. An officer, judge, or the like.[1]

Usage notes[edit]

  • This word is sometimes grammatically plural and sometimes singular.

Declension[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

אֱלוֹהִים \ אֱלֹהִים (elohímm (singular construct אלוהי \ אֱלֹהֵי־‎)

  1. God: the God of Israel.
    • 2019 March 12, אריאנה מלמד, “‏יכול להיות שאלוהים קצת הומו?‎‎”, in Haaretz[1]:
      יכול להיות שאלוהים קצת הומו?‎‎
      Could it be that God is a little gay?

Usage notes[edit]

  • This word is sometimes grammatically plural and sometimes singular.
  • In traditional vocalization, the א is elided when a prefixed clitic is added. Thus, “to God” is לֵאלֹהִים (lelohím) rather than לֶאֱלֹהִים (le'elohím).
  • Observant Jews, outside of prayer, may prefer to write and say אֱלוֹקִים(elokím), so as not to abuse the name of God.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Commentaries of Rashi and ibn Ezra (inter alia) to Exodus 4:16 and 21:6