אלוהים

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Hebrew[edit]

Root
א־ל־הּ

Etymology[edit]

Proto-Northwest-Semitic *'lh, a form of Proto-Semitic *'il, whence also אל. Cognate with Phoenician 𐤀𐤋𐤌, Aramaic אלהא and איל, Akkadian 𒀭, Arabic اله and الله, and Ugaritic 𐎛𐎍.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

אלוהים \ אֱלֹהִים (elohím)

  1. plural indefinite of אֱלוֹהַּ(elóah)

Noun[edit]

אֱלוֹהִים \ אֱלֹהִים (elohímm (singular construct אלוהי \ אֱלֹהֵי־)

  1. A god.
  2. An officer, judge, or the like.[1]

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • This word is sometimes grammatically plural and sometimes singular.

Proper noun[edit]

אֱלוֹהִים \ אֱלֹהִים (elohímm (singular construct אלוהי \ אֱלֹהֵי־)

  1. God: the God of Israel.

Usage notes[edit]

  • This word is sometimes grammatically plural and sometimes singular.
  • Observant Jews, outside of prayer, may prefer to write and say אֱלוֹקִים(elokím), so as not to abuse the name of God.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Commentaries of Rashi and ibn Ezra (inter alia) to Exodus 4:16 and 21:6