אשה

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *ʾanθ-at-. Cognate with Ugaritic 𐎀𐎘𐎚 (ảṯt), Aramaic אִנְתְּתָא(ʾintəṯā), אִיתְּתָא(ʾittəṯā), Arabic أُنْثَى(ʾunṯā).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

אִשָּׁה ('isháf (plural indefinite נָשִׁים‎, singular construct אֵשֶׁת־‎, plural construct נְשׁוֹת־or נְשֵׁי־‎, masculine counterpart אִישׁ‎) [pattern: קִטְלָה]

  1. woman (adult female human)
  2. wife (female spouse)
  3. (Biblical Hebrew) a female animal
    • Genesis 7:2, with translation of the King James Version:
      מִכֹּל הַבְּהֵמָה הַטְּהוֹרָה תִּקַּח לְךָ שִׁבְעָה שִׁבְעָה אִישׁ וְאִשְׁתּוֹ וּמִן הַבְּהֵמָה אֲשֶׁר לֹא טְהֹרָה הִוא שְׁנַיִם אִישׁ וְאִשְׁתּוֹ׃‎‎
      Of every clean beast thou shalt take to thee by sevens, the male and his female: and of beasts that are not clean by two, the male and his female.
Declension[edit]
References[edit]
  • H802 in Strong, James (1979) Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible
  • Kogan, Leonid (2011), “Proto-Semitic Lexicon”, in Weninger, Stefan, editor, The Semitic Languages. An International Handbook (Handbücher zur Sprach- und Kommunikationswissenschaft – Handbooks of Linguistics and Communication Science; 36), Berlin: De Gruyter, →ISBN, page 233

Etymology 2[edit]

Related to אֵשׁ('ésh, fire), which is from Proto-Semitic *ʾiš-.

Noun[edit]

אִשָּׁה ('ishéf (plural indefinite אִשִּׁים‎, singular construct אִשֵּׁה־, plural construct אִשֵּׁי־‎)

  1. (biblical) burnt offering
Synonyms[edit]
References[edit]
  • H801 in Strong, James (1979) Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible
  • Kogan, Leonid (2011), “Proto-Semitic Lexicon”, in Weninger, Stefan, editor, The Semitic Languages. An International Handbook (Handbücher zur Sprach- und Kommunikationswissenschaft – Handbooks of Linguistics and Communication Science; 36), Berlin: De Gruyter, →ISBN, page 194-195