בן

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Root
ב־ן

From Proto-Semitic *bin-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

בֵּן (bénm (plural indefinite בָּנִים, singular construct בֶּן־, plural construct בְּנֵי־, feminine counterpart בַּת)

  1. A son.
  2. (chiefly in Biblical Hebrew) A direct male descendant.
    בן אדם‎ ― bén-adáma human [literally a son of Adam]
  3. A guy, a boy.
  4. (no longer productive, construct state) Possessor of (knowledge, ability, etc.)
    בן דעת‎ ― bén dá'atsomeone legally competent
    בן תורה‎ ― bén torásomeone devoted to the Torah
  5. (construct state) Used in expressing the age of a man, a boy, or the referent of a masculine noun: age, aged.
    הוא בן שש.‎ ― bén shésh.He is six years old. [literally, a son of six]
    • 2011 September 28, Nir Hasson (ניר חסון), in Haaretz online:
      בית קברות בן 4,000 שנה שופך אור על י-ם בתקופת הברונזה
      béit-k'varót bén 4,000 shaná shofékh ór ál y-m bit'kufát-hab'rónza
      4,000-year-old cemetery sheds light on Bronze-Age Jerusalem
  6. (בֶּן־, bén-) Singular construct form of בן‎.
  7. (בִּן־, bín-) Singular construct form of בן; found only in certain expressions.
    יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בִּן־נוּן‎ ― y'hoshúa bín-núnJoshua, son of Nun
Declension[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

בֵּן (bénm

  1. A male given name, Ben.

Etymology 2[edit]

Root
ב־י־ן

Verb[edit]

בָּן (bán) (pa'al construction)

  1. (rare, archaic) to understand.
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Preposition[edit]

‎‎בָּן (ban)

  1. (poetic or archaic) Form of בְּ־ (b'-) including third-person feminine plural personal pronoun as object.