חטא

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Aramaic[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

חטא (transliteration neededf pl (singular חטתא‎)

  1. wheat

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

חטא (transliteration needed)

  1. to sin

Hebrew[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Root
ח־ט־א

Cognate to Arabic خَطِئَ(ḵaṭiʾa, to err, to sin).

Verb[edit]

חָטָא (khatá) (pa'al construction, infinitive לחטוא \ לַחֲטֹא‎, future יֶחֱטָא‎)

  1. to sin, to transgress

Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

חֵטְא (khetm (plural indefinite חֲטָאִים‎, singular construct חֵטְא־, plural construct חֲטָאֵי־‎)

  1. sin, transgression
    • a. 217 CE, Mishnah, Avot 3:9:
      רַבִּי חֲנִינָא בֶן דּוֹסָא אוֹמֵר, כָּל שֶׁיִּרְאַת חֶטְאוֹ קוֹדֶמֶת לְחָכְמָתוֹ, חָכְמָתוֹ מִתְקַיֶּמֶת. וְכָל שֶׁחָכְמָתוֹ קוֹדֶמֶת לְיִרְאַת חֶטְאוֹ, אֵין חָכְמָתוֹ מִתְקַיֶּמֶת.‎‎
      Rabbi Chanina son of Dosa says: Anyone whose fear of sin precedes his wisdom, his wisdom endures. And anyone whose wisdom precedes his fear of sin, his wisdom does not endure.
    • Lamentations 4:6, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      וַיִּגְדַּל עֲוֺן בַּת־עַמִּי מֵחַטַּאת סְדֹם הַהֲפוּכָה כְמוֹ־רָגַע וְלֹא־חָלוּ בָהּ יָדָיִם׃‎‎
      Va-yigdál avón bat 'ammí me-ḥataat S'dom, ha-hafukháh kh'mo rága v-lo ḥálu vah yadáyim.
      For the iniquity of the daughter of my people is greater than the sin of Sodom, that was overthrown as in a moment, and no hands fell upon her.
      # (law) misdemeanor
  2. (Jewish law) an unintentional sin, done unknowingly

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

חַטָּא (khatám (plural indefinite חַטָּאִים‎)

  1. sinner; one who transgresses or has transgressed.