יונה

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown, only Northwest Semitic.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

יוֹנָה (yonáf (plural indefinite יוֹנִים‎, singular construct יוֹנַת־‎, plural construct יוֹנֵי־‎)

  1. dove, pigeon
    • אביתר בנאי, אבא
      יונתי בחגווי הסלע
      השמיעיני את קולך
  2. dove (pacifist)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Unlike English, which makes a distinction between doves and pigeons who constitute the same bird family – Columbidae, generally attributing positive attributes to the former and negative to the latter, Hebrew does not.

Declension[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

יוֹנָה (yonám or f

  1. A male or female given name, Yona or Yonah, equivalent to English Jonah.

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kogan, Leonid (2011) , “Proto-Semitic Lexicon”, in Weninger, Stefan, editor, The Semitic Languages. An International Handbook (Handbücher zur Sprach- und Kommunikationswissenschaft – Handbooks of Linguistics and Communication Science; 36), Berlin: De Gruyter, →ISBN, page 210, abridges what he wrote in 2005.
  • Militarev, Alexander; Kogan, Leonid (2005) Semitic Etymological Dictionary, volume II: Animal Names, Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, →ISBN, pages 321–322 reconstructs Proto-Semitic *yawn-at ~ *wānay- (dove) in comparison with Amharic ዋኔ (wane, turtledove, Streptopelia), which is also ዋኖስ (wanos), ዋነስ (wanäs, pigeon), from which Leslau, Wolf (1991) , “ዋኖስ”, in Comparative Dictionary of Geʿez (Classical Ethiopic), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, →ISBN, page 615a derives the Ge'ez ዋኖስ (wanos, dove; Waliya ibex), deeming it a mangling of Amharic ዋልያ (waləya, Waliya ibex). Ge'ez ዮናስ (yonas, dove) p. 627b Leslau explains as influenced by the name of the prophet Jonah, followed by Kogan/Militarev, though it could easily be explained as a blend of ዋኖስ (wanos) and the Hebrew form; so Arabic يَمَام(yamām, turtledove; stock dove; rock pigeon) was blended from حَمَام‎(ḥamām, dove) with the Aramaic cognate to the Hebrew.