כבד

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Aramaic[edit]

Verb[edit]

כבד (transliteration needed)

  1. to be angry

Hebrew[edit]

כבד

Etymology 1[edit]

Root
כ־ב־ד

Noun[edit]

כָּבֵד (kavédm

  1. liver (organ of the body)
    • Leviticus 3:15, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      וְאֵת שְׁתֵּי הַכְּלָיֹת וְאֶת־הַחֵלֶב אֲשֶׁר עֲלֵהֶן אֲשֶׁר עַל־הַכְּסָלִים וְאֶת־הַיֹּתֶרֶת עַל־הַכָּבֵד עַל־הַכְּלָיֹת יְסִירֶנָּה׃‎‎
      ve-et shtei ha-klayót ve-et ha-ḥélev ashér 'aleihén ashér 'al ha-ksalím ve-et ha-yotéret 'al ha-kavéd 'al ha-klayót y'sirénnah.
      and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, which is by the loins, and the lobe above the liver, which he shall take away by the kidneys.
    • Ezekiel 21:26, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      כִּי־עָמַד מֶלֶךְ־בָּבֶל אֶל־אֵם הַדֶּרֶךְ בְּרֹאשׁ שְׁנֵי הַדְּרָכִים לִקְסָם־קָסֶם קִלְקַל בַּחִצִּים שָׁאַל בַּתְּרָפִים רָאָה בַּכָּבֵד׃‎‎
      Ki 'amad melekh Bavel el em ha-derekh, b-rosh shnei ha-drakhim, liq'sam qasem: qilqal ba-ḥitzim, sha'al ba-trafim. ra'ah ba-kaved.
      For the king of Babylon standeth at the parting of the way, at the head of the two ways, to use divination; he shaketh the arrows to and fro, he inquireth of the teraphim, he looketh in the liver.
    • a. 217 CE, Mishnah, Yoma 8:6:
      .מִי שֶׁנְּשָׁכוֹ כֶלֶב שׁוֹטֶה, אֵין מַאֲכִילִין אוֹתוֹ מֵחֲצַר כָּבֵד שֶׁלוֹ, וְרַבִּי מַתְיָא בֶן חָרָשׁ מַתִּיר
      Mi she-n'shakhó khélev shotéh, ein ma'akhilin otó me-ḥatzár kavéd sheló, v-Rábbi Mátya ven Ḥarásh matír.
      If a person was bitten by a mad dog, they may not feed him the lobe of the dog's liver, though Rabbi Matya ben Ḥarash permits it.
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Root
כ־ב־ד

From Proto-Semitic, cognate with Akkadian 𒂂 (kabtu), Ugaritic 𐎋𐎁𐎄 (kbd), Arabic كَبِد(kabid), Ge'ez ክቡድ (kəbud).

Adjective[edit]

כָּבֵד (kavéd) (feminine כְּבֵדָה‎, masculine plural כְּבֵדִים‎)

  1. heavy, having much weight

Etymology 3[edit]

Root
כ־ב־ד

Verb[edit]

כִּבֵּד (kibéd)

  1. Defective spelling of כיבד

References[edit]

  • Caspari, Wilhelm (1908) Die Bedeutungen der Wortsippe כבד im Hebräischen [The meanings of the word kin כבד in Hebrew]‎[1] (in de), Leipzig: A. Deichert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung Nachf. (Georg Böhme)