שום

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Aramaic[edit]

Noun[edit]

שום (šum)

  1. Singular construct of שְׁמָא(šəmā)

Hebrew[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

See under שָׂם(sám).

Verb[edit]

שׂוּם (sum) or שׂוֹם (som)

  1. bare infinitive of שָׂם(sam)
    • Jeremiah 42:15, with translation of the English Standard Version:
      אִם אַתֶּם שׂוֹם תְּשִׂמוּן פְּנֵיכֶם לָבֹא מִצְרַיִם
      im atém som t'simún p'nechém lavó mitsráyim
      If you set your faces to enter Egypt
    • Haggai 2:15, with Young's Literal Translation:
      מִטֶּרֶם שׂוּם אֶבֶן אֶל אֶבֶן בְּהֵיכַל יהוה
      mitérem sum éven el éven b'hechál YHVH
      Before the laying of stone to stone in the temple of Jehovah

Etymology 2[edit]

From Aramaic שֻׁם(šum), indefinite and construct form of שְׁמָא(š'mā, name). The determiner is an extension of the noun.

Determiner[edit]

שׁוּם (shum)

  1. Some, any; found chiefly in negative contexts, as well as questions and conditional constructs.
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

שׁוּם (shum)

  1. Name, sake, purpose, cause; found exclusively, or nearly so, in various fixed expressions.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *θūm-; cognate with Akkadian 𒋧(šūmū), Aramaic תּוּמָא(tūmā), Arabic ثُوم(ṯūm).

Noun[edit]

שׁוּם (shumm

  1. garlic

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]


Yiddish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hebrew שׁוּם(some, any (in negative contexts)), from Aramaic שֻׁם.

Adverb[edit]

שום (shum)

  1. not at all (intensifies a negative construction)
    איך האָב נישט קיין שום רויז!
    ikh hob nisht keyn shum royz!
    I don't have a single rose!