שבעה

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Root
שׁ־ב־ע

From Proto-Semitic *šabʿ-.

Numeral[edit]

שִׁבְעָה (shiv'ám (construct שִׁבְעַת־, feminine שֶׁבַע)

  1. (cardinal) seven
Usage notes[edit]
  • In Modern Hebrew, when the numbers three through ten modify a definite masculine noun and are directly preceding it, the construct form is used:
    שִׁבְעָה סְפָרִים‎ ― shiv'á s'farímseven books
    שִׁבְעַת הַסְּפָרִים‎ ― shiv'át has'farímthe seven books
  • The construct form is not used for higher numbers ending in seven, such as twenty-seven:
    עֶשְׂרִים וְשִׁבְעָה הַסְּפָרִים‎ ― 'esrím v'shiv'á has'farímthe twenty-seven books
  • In colloquial Modern Hebrew, the form שֶׁבַע (shéva') is often used regardless of gender.

Coordinate terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

שבעה (transliteration needed)

  1. (שְׂבֵעָה, s'veá) Feminine singular present participle and present tense of שָׂבַע (savá).
  2. (שָׂבְעָה, sav'á) Third-person feminine singular past tense (suffix conjugation) of שָׂבַע (savá).