أم

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See also: امand آم

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb 1[edit]

أَمَّ (ʾamma) I, non-past يَؤُمُّ‎‎ (yaʾummu)

  1. to go, to repair (to a place)
    أم مدينة لندن‎‎
    to go to London
  2. to go to see
Synonyms[edit]
Conjugation[edit]

Verb 2[edit]

أَمَّ (ʾamma) I, non-past يَؤُمُّ‎‎ (yaʾummu)

  1. to lead the way, to lead by example
    أم الناس‎ — to lead the people
    1. to lead in prayer
Conjugation[edit]

Verb 3[edit]

أَمَّ (ʾamma) I, non-past يَؤُمُّ‎‎ (yaʾummu)

  1. to become a mother
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *ʾimm-, from the root ء م م(ʾ-m-m).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

أُمّ (ʾummf (dual أُمَّانِ(ʾummāni), plural أُمَّهَات(ʾummahāt) or أُمَّات(ʾummāt), masculine أَب(ʾab))

  1. mother
  2. origin
  3. source
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

أَمّ (ʾammm

  1. verbal noun of أَمَّ (ʾamma) (form I)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Univerbation of the interrogative particle أَ(ʾa) and the conjunction *ٱِم(*im). Compare إِمَّا(ʾimmā) for disjunction.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

أَمْ (ʾam)

  1. or …? (in double questions, the first part of which is preceded by أَ(ʾa))
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 21:109:
      فَإِن تَوَلَّوْا فَقُلْ آذَنْتُكُمْ عَلَى سَوَاءٍ وَإِنْ أَدْرِي أَقَرِيبٌ أَم بَعِيدٌ مَّا تُوعَدُونَ
      fa-ʾin tawallaw fa-qul ʾāḏantukum ʿalā sawāʾin wa-ʾin ʾadrī ʾa-qarībun ʾam baʿīdun mmā tūʿadūna
      But if they turn away, then say, “I have announced to [all of] you equally. And I know not whether near or far is that which you are promised.”
    • 2017 November 4, “مستشار في حملة ترامب يعترف باجراء اتصالات مع مسؤولين روس”, in Al-Quds[1]:
      كان قد نفى او تجنب الاجابة في مقابلات سابقة مع الصحيفة حول ما اذا كان قد التقى مسؤولين روسا ام لا.‎‎
      He had denied or avoided answering in previous interviews with the paper regarding whether he had met Russian officials or not.

References[edit]

  • Tropper, Josef (2003), “Sekundäres wortanlautendes Alif im Arabischen”, in Kogan, Leonid, editor, Studia Semitica (Orientalia: Papers of the Oriental Institute; III), Moscow, →ISBN, pages 201–202

Egyptian Arabic[edit]

Noun[edit]

أمّ ('umm)

  1. mother