الشام

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Arabic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ش ء م(š-ʾ-m), a variant of ش م ل(š-m-l); contrasted with اليَمَن(al-yaman) from *yamīn- (right-hand side; southward). Cognate with Hebrew שְׂמֹאל(s'mól, left), Akkadian 𒆏 (GÚB, šumēlu, left side), Aramaic סְמָלָא‎ /‎ ܣܡܠܐ(semālā, left side), Ugaritic 𐎌𐎎𐎀𐎍 (šmảl). The northern sense derives from the left-hand side oriented with the sunrise, also attested in Old South Arabian 𐩦𐩱𐩣(s2ʔm, North).

Proper noun[edit]

الشَّام (aš-šāmm

  1. the city of Damascus
  2. the area of Greater Syria, the Levant

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]