ال

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See also: أل and آل

Arabic[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
    In literary pronunciation IPA(key): [æl], [al], [ɐl]
  • In common speech/names: IPA(key): [el], [ɪl]

Article[edit]

اَل (al-)

  1. the

Usage notes[edit]

The /l/ of this prefix assimilates to and geminates the first letter of the following word when it begins with one of the sun letters: ت (t), ث (), د (d), ذ (), ر (r), ز (z), س (s), ش (š), ص (), ض (), ط (), ظ (), ل (l), ن (n), and dialectally ج (j) when pronounced /ʒ/. This is strictly a pronunciation change; the spelling with ل (l) is unchanged, except that in fully vocalized texts a shadda may be written over the sun letter to reflect gemination.

Descendants[edit]

  • Egyptian Arabic: ال (el)
  • Maltese: il

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

اِلّ (illm

  1. pact, covenant
  2. consanguinity, blood relationship

Declension[edit]


Egyptian Arabic[edit]

Article[edit]

الـ (el-)

  1. the

North Levantine Arabic[edit]

Article[edit]

الـ (l-, il-, li-, ili-)

  1. the

Usage notes[edit]

  • Strictly speaking, the article consists solely of the consonant /l/, which is assimilated to the same onsets as in classical Arabic (see above).
  • The linking vowel /i/ is added as necessary according to the phonological rules, be it before the article, after it, or both:
النص المكتوب‎ ― n-naṣṣ il-maktūbthe written text
الكتاب المأدس‎ ― li-ktāb li-mʾaddasthe Holy Book, i.e. the Bible
النص المأدس‎ ― n-naṣṣ ili-mʾaddasthe holy text
  • Assimilation is hindered when the linking vowel comes between the article and an onset consonant that would normally trigger assimilation:
الولاد الضعيفه‎ ― li-wlād li-ḍʿīfithe weak children

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Noun[edit]

ال (el)

  1. hand