ان

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See also: آن, أن, and إن

Afrikaans[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

ان ‎(ən)

  1. Arabic spelling of en, alternative form of اَِنْ

Arabic[edit]

Suffix[edit]

َـان ‎(-ān)

  1. Suffix used in forming intensive adjectives of the pattern فَعْلَان ‎(faʿlān), e.g. تَعْبَان ‎(taʿbān, tired), عَطْشَان ‎(ʿaṭšān, thirsty), غَضْبَان ‎(ḡaḍbān, angry), زَعْلَان ‎(zaʿlān, annoyed), كَسْلَان ‎(kaslān, lazy), نَعْسَان ‎(naʿsān). These adjectives generally have an irregular feminine in َـى ‎(), e.g. عَطْشَى ‎(ʿaṭšā), كَسْلَى ‎(kaslā), نَسْعَى ‎(nasʿā).

Infix[edit]

َـانـ ‎(-ān-)

  1. Infix used in forming nisba (relative) adjectives, inserted between the base noun and the ending ِـيّ ‎(-iyy), e.g. أَنَانِيّ ‎(ʾanāniyy, selfish), based on أَنَا ‎(ʾanā) or عَلْمَانِيّ ‎(ʿalmāniyy, worldly, secular), based on عَالَم ‎(ʿālam, world).

Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Persian 𐭠𐭭 ‎(-ān). Compare Pashto ـونه ‎(-ona).

Suffix[edit]

ـان ‎(-ân)

  1. A suffix forming the plural of animate nouns, with some exceptions. Becomes گان (-gân) after a silent ه (h), یان after و or ا.
Usage notes[edit]

Used mainly in writing.

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

ان ‎(an)

  1. (vulgar) Alternative spelling of عن.

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

ان ‎(en)

  1. Transliteration of the name of the Latin-script letter n in English and other European languages.
Derived terms[edit]