بحران

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From an archaic word البَاحُور(al-bāḥūr, the moon, literally expanding, widening, stretching forth; being expanded, being wide, being stretched forth; being at the full extent, being at the furthest extremities), likely called for its phases or specifically only when the moon is at its full extent of illumination. Connected to a sudden change of health being linked to the phase of the moon; semantic cognate with Ancient Greek σεληνιάζομαι (selēniázomai, epilepsy; sudden drastic symptoms with little warning, literally moonstruck), Latin lunaticus, and English lunacy.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

بُحْرَان (buḥrānm (plural بَحَارِين(baḥārīn))

  1. crisis, panic
    Synonym: أَزْمَة(ʾazma)
  2. (medicine) crisis

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Freytag, Georg (1830), “بحران”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 1, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 88
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860), “بحران”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc (in French), volume 1, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, page 89
  • Lane, Edward William (1863), “بحران”, in Arabic-English Lexicon, London: Williams & Norgate, page 157
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “بحران”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 67

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
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Etymology[edit]

From Arabic بُحْران(buḥrān, crisis)

Noun[edit]

بحران (bohrân)

  1. crisis
    بحران اقتصادی‎ ― bohrân-e eqtesâdifinancial crisis
    بحران بدهی‎ ― bohrân-e bedehidebt crisis
    بحران بین‌المللی‎ ― bohrân-e beyn-olmelaliinternational crisis
    بحران سیاسی‎ ― bohrân-e siyâsipolitical crisis