برج

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Classical Syriac ܒܘܪܓܐ (burgāʾ), from Ancient Greek πύργος (purgos) which may be an ancient borrowing from Proto-Germanic *burgz, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (fortified elevation), then the English words borough and burg, German Burg and Berg, Dutch burg and others.

Ancient Greek πύργος (purgos) is first attested in Homer's Iliad 7.206. Believed to be a borrowed word, probably from Urartian [script?] (burgana, palace, fortress); compare also Old Armenian բուրգն (burgn, pyramid). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high), with cognates including Sanskrit बृहत् (bṛhát, lofty, high, tall), Old Armenian բարձր (barjr, high) and Old English burg (English borough). Kretschmer suggested a borrowing from Proto-Germanic *burg- (fortified town, hill-fort) mediated through some Northern Balkan language (Macedonian?). However, according to Beekes the abundance of Pre-Greek placenames (e.g. Πέργαμον (Pergamon)) seems to indicate a Pre-Greek origin.

Noun[edit]

برج (burj?, dual برجان (burjān)‎, plurals بروج (burūj)‎ or أبراج (ʾabrāj)‎

  1. castle
  2. citadel
  3. tower
    برج خليفة (Burj Khalifa, Khalifa Tower) (dialect: borǰ khalīfa), initially named برج دبي.
  4. constellation
  5. spire
  6. asterism
  7. zodiac
  8. sign of the zodiac

Descendants[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

بَرَجَ (baraja) (perfect, Verb form I)

  1. to tell someone's fortune

Azeri[edit]

Noun[edit]

برج (bürc)

  1. Alternative spelling of بۆرج.

Kurdish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Arabic برج (burj), from Classical Syriac ܒܘܪܓܐ (burgāʾ), from Ancient Greek πύργος (purgos), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high), with cognates including Persian برز (borz), Sanskrit बृहत् (bṛhát, lofty, high, tall), Old Armenian բարձր (barjr, high) and Old English burg.

Noun[edit]

برج (birc?

  1. tower
  2. constellation
  3. zodiac

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Arabic برج (burj), from Classical Syriac ܒܘܪܓܐ (burgāʾ), from Ancient Greek πύργος (purgos), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high).

Noun[edit]

برج (burc)

  1. tower
  2. constellation
  3. zodiac
  4. sign of the zodiac

Pashto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Arabic برج (burj), from Classical Syriac ܒܘܪܓܐ (burgāʾ), from Ancient Greek πύργος (purgos), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high), with cognates including Persian برز (borz), Sanskrit बृहत् (bṛhát, lofty, high, tall), Old Armenian բարձր (barjr, high) and Old English burg.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

برج (bërjm (plural برجونه)

  1. tower
  2. constellation
  3. zodiac

Synonyms[edit]


Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Arabic برج (burj), from Classical Syriac ܒܘܪܓܐ (burgāʾ), from Ancient Greek πύργος (purgos), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high), with cognates including Persian برز (borz), Sanskrit बृहत् (bṛhát, lofty, high, tall), Old Armenian բարձր (barjr, high) and Old English burg.

Noun[edit]

برج (borj) (plural برج‌ها or بروج)

Dari برج
Iranian Persian برج
Tajik бурҷ (burj)
  1. steeple
  2. tower
  3. pylon
  4. column
  5. peel, keep
  6. fort, castle
  7. pinnacle
  8. dovecote
  9. star
  10. constellation
  11. zodiac
  12. sign of the zodiac

Derived terms[edit]


Punjabi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Arabic برج (burj), from Classical Syriac ܒܘܪܓܐ (burgāʾ), from Ancient Greek πύργος (purgos), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high).

Noun[edit]

برج (burjm (Gurmukhi spelling ਬੁਰਜ)

  1. bastion
  2. tower
  3. turret
  4. constellation
  5. sign of the zodiac

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Arabic برج (burj), from Classical Syriac ܒܘܪܓܐ (burgāʾ), from Ancient Greek πύργος (purgos), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high).

Noun[edit]

برج (burjmHindi spelling बुर्ज

  1. bastion
  2. tower
  3. turret
  4. constellation
  5. sign of the zodiac