برج

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowing from Classical Syriac ܒܘܪܓܐ (burgāʾ), from burg in Middle Persian, or from Ancient Greek πύργος (púrgos) which may be an ancient borrowing from Proto-Germanic *burgz, , from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (fortified elevation), then the English words borough and burg, German Burg and Berg, Dutch burg and others.

Ancient Greek πύργος (púrgos) is first attested in Homer's Iliad 7.206. Believed to be a borrowed word, probably from Urartian [script needed] (burgana, palace, fortress); compare also Old Armenian բուրգն (burgn, pyramid). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high), with cognates including Sanskrit बृहत् (bṛhát, lofty, high, tall), Old Armenian բարձր (barjr, high) and Old English burg (English borough). Kretschmer suggested a borrowing from Proto-Germanic *burg- (fortified town, hill-fort) mediated through some Northern Balkan language (Macedonian?). However, according to Beekes the abundance of Pre-Greek placenames (e.g. Πέργαμον (Pérgamon)) seems to indicate a Pre-Greek origin.

Noun[edit]

بُرْج (burj? (dual بُرْجَان (burjān), plural بُرُوج (burūj) or أَبْرَاج (ʾabrāj))

  1. castle
  2. citadel
  3. tower
    بُرْج خَلِيفَة (burj ḵalīfa, Khalifa Tower) (dialect: borǰ khalīfa), initially named بُرْج دُبَيّ (burj dubayy, Dubai Tower).
  4. constellation
  5. spire
  6. asterism
  7. zodiac
  8. sign of the zodiac
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

بَرِجَ (barija) I, non-past يَبْرَجُ‎ (yabraju)

  1. to be or become apparent, manifest or conspicuous, and high or elevated
  2. to have large, beautiful eyes where the white entirely surrounds the black
  3. (of one's condition) to become ample in respect of eating and drinking
Conjugation[edit]
References[edit]
  • برج” in Edward William Lane (1863), Arabic-English Lexicon, London: Williams & Norgate
  • "Burg" in D. N. MacKenzie (1986), A Concise Pahlavi Dictionary

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

بَرَج (barajm

  1. verbal noun of بَرِجَ (barija) (form I)
Declension[edit]

Azeri[edit]

Noun[edit]

برج (bürc)

  1. Alternative spelling of بۆرج

Kurdish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Arabic بُرْج (burj), from Classical Syriac ܒܘܪܓܐ (burgāʾ), from Ancient Greek πύργος (púrgos), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high), with cognates including Persian برز (borz), Sanskrit बृहत् (bṛhát, lofty, high, tall), Old Armenian բարձր (barjr, high) and Old English burg.

Noun[edit]

برج (birc?

  1. tower
  2. constellation
  3. zodiac

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Arabic بُرْج (burj), from Classical Syriac ܒܘܪܓܐ (burgāʾ), from Ancient Greek πύργος (púrgos), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high).

Noun[edit]

برج (burc)

  1. tower
  2. constellation
  3. zodiac
  4. sign of the zodiac

Descendants[edit]


Pashto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Arabic بُرْج (burj), from Classical Syriac ܒܘܪܓܐ (burgāʾ), from Ancient Greek πύργος (púrgos), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high), with cognates including Persian برز (borz), Sanskrit बृहत् (bṛhát, lofty, high, tall), Old Armenian բարձր (barjr, high) and Old English burg.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

برج (burjm (plural برجونه (burjúna))

  1. tower

Declension[edit]


Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Arabicized form of Middle Persian burg, possibly from Classical Syriac ܒܘܪܓܐ (burgāʾ), from Ancient Greek πύργος (púrgos), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high), with cognates including Persian برز (borz), Sanskrit बृहत् (bṛhát, lofty, high, tall), Old Armenian բարձր (barjr, high) and Old English burg.

Noun[edit]

برج (borj) (plural برج‌ها (borj-hâ) or بروج)

Dari برج
Iranian Persian برج
Tajik бурҷ (burj)
  1. steeple
  2. tower
  3. pylon
  4. column
  5. peel, keep
  6. fort, castle
  7. pinnacle
  8. dovecote
  9. star
  10. constellation
  11. zodiac
  12. sign of the zodiac

Derived terms[edit]


Punjabi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Arabic بُرْج (burj), from Classical Syriac ܒܘܪܓܐ (burgāʾ), from Ancient Greek πύργος (púrgos), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high).

Noun[edit]

برج (burjm (Gurmukhi spelling ਬੁਰਜ)

  1. bastion
  2. tower
  3. turret
  4. constellation
  5. sign of the zodiac

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Arabic بُرْج (burj), from Classical Syriac ܒܘܪܓܐ (burgāʾ), from Ancient Greek πύργος (púrgos), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high).

Noun[edit]

برج (burjm (Hindi spelling बुर्ज)

  1. bastion
  2. tower
  3. turret
  4. constellation
  5. sign of the zodiac