برج

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See also: ترخ‎, ترح, and ترج

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Syriac ܒܘܪܓܐ(burgāʾ), from Middle Persian [script needed] (burg), or from Ancient Greek πύργος (púrgos).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

بُرْج (burjm (dual بُرْجَان(burjān), plural بُرُوج(burūj) or أَبْرَاج(ʾabrāj))

  1. castle
  2. citadel
  3. tower
    بُرْج خَلِيفَة(burj ḵalīfa, Khalifa Tower) (dialect: borǰ khalīfa), initially named بُرْج دُبَيّ(burj dubayy, Dubai Tower).
  4. constellation
    609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 4:176:
    تَبَارَكَ الَّذِي جَعَلَ فِي السَّمَاءِ بُرُوجًا وَجَعَلَ فِيهَا سِرَاجًا وَقَمَرًا مُنِيرًا
    tabāraka allaḏī jaʿala fī s-samāʾi burūjan wajaʿala fīhā sirājan waqamaran munīran
    Blessed is He who has placed in the sky great stars and placed therein a [burning] lamp and luminous moon.
  5. spire
  6. asterism
  7. zodiac
  8. sign of the zodiac
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

بَرِجَ (barija) I, non-past يَبْرَجُ‎‎ (yabraju)

  1. to be or become apparent, manifest or conspicuous, and high or elevated
  2. to have large, beautiful eyes where the white entirely surrounds the black
  3. (of one's condition) to become ample in respect of eating and drinking
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

بَرَج (barajm

  1. verbal noun of بَرِجَ (barija) (form I)
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Баранов, Х. К. (2011) , “برج”, in Большой арабско-русский словарь (Bolʹšoj arabsko-russkij slovarʹ), 11th edition, Москва: Живой язык, →ISBN
  • Corriente, Federico; Pereira, Christophe; Vicente, Angeles, editors (2017) Dictionnaire du faisceau dialectal arabe andalou. Perspectives phraséologiques et étymologiques (in French), Berlin: De Gruyter, →ISBN, page 118
  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne (1881) , “برج”, in Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes (in French), volume 1, Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 64b
  • Freytag, Georg (1830) , “برج”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 1, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 103
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860) , “برج”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc (in French), volume 1, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, pages 105–106
  • Lane, Edward William (1863) , “برج”, in Arabic-English Lexicon, London: Williams & Norgate, page 180
  • Wehr, Hans (1979) , “برج”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN, page 63

Azerbaijani[edit]

Noun[edit]

برج (bürc)

  1. Alternative spelling of بۆرج

Central Kurdish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic بُرْج(burj), from Classical Syriac ܒܘܪܓܐ(burgāʾ), from Ancient Greek πύργος (púrgos), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high), with cognates including Persian برز(borz), Sanskrit बृहत् (bṛhát, lofty, high, tall), Old Armenian բարձր (barjr, high) and Old English burg.

Noun[edit]

بِرج (birc)

  1. tower
  2. zodiac

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic بُرْج(burj), from Classical Syriac ܒܘܪܓܐ(burgāʾ), from Ancient Greek πύργος (púrgos), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high).

Noun[edit]

برج (burc)

  1. tower
  2. constellation
  3. zodiac
  4. sign of the zodiac

Descendants[edit]


Pashto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic بُرْج(burj), from Classical Syriac ܒܘܪܓܐ(burgāʾ), from Ancient Greek πύργος (púrgos), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high), with cognates including Persian برز(borz), Sanskrit बृहत् (bṛhát, lofty, high, tall), Old Armenian բարձր (barjr, high) and Old English burg.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

برج (brajm (plural برجونه(brajuna))

  1. tower

Declension[edit]


Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Arabicized form of Classical Syriac ܒܘܪܓܐ(burgāʾ), possibly from Middle Persian [script needed] (burg), or from Ancient Greek πύργος (púrgos), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high), with cognates including Persian برز(borz), Sanskrit बृहत् (bṛhát, lofty, high, tall), Old Armenian բարձր (barjr, high) and Old English burg.

Noun[edit]

برج (borj) (plural برج‌ها(borj-hâ) or بروج‎)

Dari Persian برج
Iranian Persian
Tajik бурҷ (burj)
  1. steeple
  2. tower
  3. pylon
  4. column
  5. peel, keep
  6. fort, castle
  7. pinnacle
  8. dovecote
  9. star
  10. constellation
  11. zodiac
  12. sign of the zodiac

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Punjabi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic بُرْج(burj), from Classical Syriac ܒܘܪܓܐ(burgāʾ), from Ancient Greek πύργος (púrgos), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high).

Noun[edit]

بُرج (burjm (Gurmukhi spelling ਬੁਰਜ)

  1. bastion
  2. tower
  3. turret
  4. constellation
  5. sign of the zodiac

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic بُرْج(burj), from Classical Syriac ܒܘܪܓܐ(burgāʾ), from Ancient Greek πύργος (púrgos), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high).

Noun[edit]

برج (burjm (Hindi spelling बुर्ज)

  1. bastion
  2. tower
  3. turret
  4. constellation
  5. sign of the zodiac