تابوت

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

تَابُوت (tābūt) from تَاوْبُوت (tāwbūt) (extinct Quraysh dialect), from تَوَبُوت (tawabūt) or تَاوْبُوَّة (tāwbuwwa).

From Classical Syriac ܬܝܒܘܬܐ (tēḇūṯā). Cognate with Hebrew תיבה (tevá).

Ultimately from Egyptian

DbA t
pr

ḏb3.t (sarcophagus, coffin) or

T b O39

ṯb (chest, box) ; compare Demotic tby.t (“sarcophagus, shrine, chest”) db.t and tb.t (“chest”) and Coptic ⲧⲁⲓⲃⲉ (tajbǝ, chest, coffin).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

تَابُوت (tābūtm (plural تَوَابِيت (tawābīt))

  1. box, case, chest, coffer, ark
    • Qur'an 20:39 (Sahih International):
      أَنِ اقْذِفِيهِ فِي التَّابُوتِ فَاقْذِفِيهِ فِي الْيَمِّ فَلْيُلْقِهِ الْيَمُّ بِالسَّاحِلِ
      ʾáni iqḏifīhi fil-tābūti fa-qḏifīhi fī l-yámmi fal-yulqihi l-yámmu bil-sāḥili
      Cast him into the chest and cast it into the river, and the river will throw it onto the bank.
  2. coffin, casket, sarcophagus
    مَاذَا وَرَاء حِكَايَة اِكْتِشَاف تَابُوت اَلْمَسِيح فِي الْقُدْس؟
    māḏā warāʾ ḥikāyat iktišāf tābūt al-masīḥ fī l-quds?
    What's behind the story of the discovery of the coffin of Christ in Jerusalem?

Declension[edit]

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Derived terms[edit]

In other languages[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Heinrich Hübschmann (1897), Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie, Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, page 153
  • թափուտ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan], volume II, page 166b
  • Lane, Edward William (1863). An Arabic - English Lexicon derived from the best and the most copious eastern sources London: Williams and Northgate. p. 321