تبر

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See also: تثر‎, بتر‎, پتر‎, ثبر‎, تتر‎, ببر, and بثر

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Aramaic הֵּבְרָא‎ / ܬܷܒܪܐ(təḇrā, fragment), absolute state תְּבַר‎ /‎ ܬܒܱܪ(tḇar), from תְּבַר‎ / ܬܒܱܪ(tḇar, to break, to fract), the Aramaic equivalent to Arabic ثَبَرَ(ṯabara, to destroy).

Noun[edit]

تِبْر (tibrm (collective, singulative تِبْرَة(tibra))

  1. pure, unalloyed ore of gold or silver
    • 7th century CE, Sunan Abī Dāwud, 23:24:
      الذَّهَبُ بِٱلذَّهَبِ تِبْرُهَا وَعَيْنُهَا وَٱلْفِضَّةُ بِٱلْفِضَّةِ تِبْرُهَا وَعَيْنُهَا وَٱلْبُرُّ بِٱلْبُرِّ مُدْيٌ بِمُدْيٍ وَٱلشَّعِيرُ بِٱلشَّعِيرِ مُدْيٌ بِمُدْيٍ وَٱلتَّمْرُ بِٱلتَّمْرِ مُدْيٌ بِمُدْيٍ وَٱلْمِلْحُ بِٱلْمِلْحِ مُدْيٌ بِمُدْيٍ
      aḏ-ḏahabu bi-ḏ-ḏahabi tibruhā waʿaynuhā wal-fiḍḍatu bi-l-fiḍḍati tibruhā waʿaynuhā wal-burru bi-l-burri mudyun bimudyin waš-šaʿīru bi-š-šaʿīri mudyun bimudyin wat-tamru bi-t-tamri mudyun bimudyin wal-milḥu bi-l-milḥi mudyun bimudyin
      Gold is to be weighed for in gold, raw and coined, silver in silver, raw and coined, wheat in wheat in equal measure, barley in barley in equal measure, dates in dates in equal measure, salt in salt in equal measure.
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

تَبُرْ (tabur) (form I)

  1. second-person masculine singular non-past active jussive of بَارَ(bāra)
  2. third-person feminine singular non-past active jussive of بَارَ(bāra)

References[edit]

  • tbr2”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1880) De vocabulis in antiquis Arabum carminibus et in Corano peregrinis[1] (in Latin), Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 25
  • Freytag, Georg (1830), “تبر”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 1, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 183
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “تبر”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 133

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

Etymology[edit]

Compare Iranian borrowings: Old Armenian տապար (tapar), Russian топо́р (topór).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

تبر (tabar)

  1. a hatchet, axe, or mattock

References[edit]