جهاد

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See also: جہاد

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Verbal noun from جَاهَدَ(jāhada, to struggle against, to fight for), from the root ج ه د(j-h-d)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

جِهَاد (jihādm

  1. verbal noun of جَاهَدَ(jāhada) (form III)
  2. (uncountable) struggle, effort
    Synonyms: نِضَال(niḍāl), كِفَاح(kifāḥ)
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 25:52:
      فَلَا تُطِعِ الْكَافِرِينَ وَجَاهِدْهُم بِهِ جِهَادًا كَبِيرًا
      falā tuṭiʿi l-kāfirīna wajāhidhum bihi jihādan kabīran
      So do not obey the faithless, but wage with it [the Revelation] a great struggle against them.
  3. (uncountable) fight, battle
  4. (Islam, uncountable) jihad, holy war
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

جَهَاد (jahādm

  1. hard, rugged land; land in which there is no herbage; level, smooth land
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Lane, vol. I (1863), pp. 473-474.
  • Wehr, Hans, “جهد”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic[1], 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, 1979, →ISBN

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic جِهَاد(jihād).

Noun[edit]

جهاد (cihad)

  1. jihad, holy war, crusade
  2. fight, struggle, battle

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic جِهَاد(jihād).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

جهاد (jehâd)

  1. (Islam) jihad, holy war, crusade
  2. fight, struggle, battle

Related terms[edit]