حبق

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ح ب ق(ḥ-b-q).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

حَبَقَ (ḥabaqa) I, non-past يَحْبِقُ‎‎ (yaḥbiqu) (obsolete)

  1. to pass gas
Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

حَبْق (ḥabqm (obsolete)

  1. verbal noun of حَبَقَ (ḥabaqa) (form I)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

حَبَق
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 حبق‎ on Arabic Wikipedia

From the root ح ب ق(ḥ-b-q) meaning “to break wind or pass gas”, “to change the smell of air”; originally applied to a wide range of odorous herbs, so called for the aroma released when rubbing such plants. See رَيْحَان(rayḥān, basil) for similar semantic development. Cognates with Classical Syriac ܚܘܟܐ(ḥawkā, basil) which has been borrowed as حَوْك(ḥawk); although the ending of حَبَاقَى(ḥabāqā), حَبَاقَا(ḥabāqā, sweet clover (Melilotus)) particular to the 9th century Iraq may point to a loan from an Aramaic, of which the Syriac and Arabic would be the only, late remnants.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

حَبَق (ḥabaqm

  1. a general name for aromatic Lamiaceae
    1. (now especially) basil (Ocimum gen. et spp.)
    2. (Classical Arabic) mint (Mentha spp.), when without any qualifier then usually pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium)
Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Maltese: ħabaq

References[edit]

  • Freytag, Georg (1830) , “حبق”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 1, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 336
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860) , “حبق”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc (in French), volume 1, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, page 369

Hijazi Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic حَبَق(ḥabaq).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

حبق (ḥabagm

  1. Ocimum (taxonomic plant genus)
    Synonym: نعناع المدينة

See also[edit]


Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic حَبَق(ḥabaq).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ħbaq/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

حبق (ḥbaqm (plural حبوقة(ḥbūqa))

  1. basil