حكمة

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See also: چکمه

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Not from the root ح ك م(ḥ-k-m) because this root is else related to “deciding”, but here the meaning is outright abstract and imitates Classical Syriac ܚܶܟܡܬܳܐ(ḥeḵməṯā). Compare also Hebrew חָכְמָה(ḥokhmá, wisdom).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

حِكْمَة (ḥikmaf (plural حِكَم(ḥikam))

  1. verbal noun of حَكُمَ(ḥakuma) (form I)
  2. wisdom
  3. knowledge
  4. (obsolete) medical art
  5. philosophy
  6. justice, equity
  7. reason
  8. secret decree of God
  9. prophecy
  10. the Qur'an
  11. (modern) the Gospel
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Persian: حکمت(hikmet)
  • Uzbek: hikmat
  • Swahili: hekima
References[edit]
  • Ahrens, Karl, “Christliches im Qoran. Eine Nachlese”, in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft[1] (in German), volume 84, 1930, page 27

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ح ك م(ḥ-k-m).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

حَكَمَة (ḥakamaf (plural حَكَمَات(ḥakamāt))

  1. bridle, bit
    • a. 609, Zuhayr, إنّ الخليطَ أجدَّ البينَ فانفرقا:
      القَائِدَ الْخَيْلَ مَنْكُوبًا دَوَابِرُهَا قَدِّ أُحْكِمَتْ حَكَمَاتِ الْقِدِّ والأبَقا
      al-qāʾida l-ḵayla mankūban dawābiru-hā qaddi ʾuḥkimat ḥakamāti l-qiddi wa-l-ʾabaqā
      Leader of a horse of veering hind legs, fastened by bridles of leather strips and banana fibres.
  2. power, rank, station, position
Declension[edit]