خلف

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See also: خلق‎, حلق‎, جلق, and خ ل ق

Arabic[edit]

Root
خ ل ف(ḵ-l-f)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *ḫalap-. Cognate with Biblical Hebrew חָלַף(ḥɔlap̄, to move past).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /xa.la.fa/
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

خَلَفَ (ḵalafa) I, non-past يَخْلُفُ‎‎ (yaḵlufu)

  1. to succeed, to follow, to come after
  2. to substitute for
  3. to replace
  4. to lag behind
  5. to stay behind
  6. to be detained, to stay away
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root خ ل ف(ḵ-l-f).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

خَلْفَ (ḵalfa)

  1. behind
    • Louisa Alcott, Little Women, Chapter 1, Arabic translation "Dar wa Maktabat al-Hilal, Lebanon":
      بَدَأَت جُو تَمْشِي ذَهَابًا وَإِيَابًا وَيَدَاهَا خَلْفَ ظَهْرِهَا، كَالرَّجُل.‎‎
      badaʾat jū tamšī ḏahāban waʾiyāban wayadāhā ḵalfa ẓahrihā, kar-rajul.
      Joe started walking back and forth with her hands behind (her) back, like a man.
Inflection[edit]
    Inflected forms
Base form خَلْفَ (ḵalfa)
Personal-pronoun-
including forms
Singular Dual Plural
Masculine Feminine Common Masculine Feminine
First person خَلْفِي(ḵalfī) خَلْفَنَا(ḵalfanā)
Second person خَلْفَكَ(ḵalfaka) خَلْفَكِ(ḵalfaki) خَلْفَكُمَا(ḵalfakumā) خَلْفَكُمْ(ḵalfakum) خَلْفَكُنَّ(ḵalfakunna)
Third person خَلْفَهُ(ḵalfahu) خَلْفَهَا(ḵalfahā) خَلْفَهُمَا(ḵalfahumā) خَلْفَهُمْ(ḵalfahum) خَلْفَهُنَّ(ḵalfahunna)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From the root خ ل ف(ḵ-l-f).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

خَلْف (ḵalfm (plural خُلُوف(ḵulūf))

  1. verbal noun of خَلَفَ (ḵalafa) (form I)
  2. location that is behind
  3. time past
  4. back
  5. successor, descendant
  6. descendants
  7. remnant of people
  8. succeeding generation, progeny
  9. short rib
  10. someone absent from the tribe or just returned
Declension[edit]

References[edit]


South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
خ ل ف

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic خَلَفَ(ḵalafa).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /xa.laf/, [ˈxa.laf]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

خلف (ḵalaf) (form I, present بخلف(biḵlif))

  1. to replace, to reward
Conjugation[edit]
    Conjugation of خلف (ḵalaf)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m خلفت (ḵalaft) خلفت (ḵalaft) خلف (ḵalaf) خلفنا (ḵalafna) خلفتو (ḵalaftu) خلفو (ḵalafu)
f خلفتي (ḵalafti) خلفت (ḵalfat)
present m بخلف (baḵlif) بتخلف (btiḵlif) بخلف (biḵlif) منخلف (mniḵlif) بتخلفو (btiḵlifu) بخلفو (biḵlifu)
f بتخلفي (btiḵlifi) بتخلف (btiḵlif)
subjunctive m أخلف (ʔaḵlif) تخلف (tiḵlif) يخلف (yiḵlif) نخلف (niḵlif) تخلفو (tiḵlifu) يخلفو (yiḵlifu)
f تخلفي (tiḵlifi) تخلف (tiḵlif)
imperative m اخلف (iḵlif) اخلفو (iḵlifu)
f اخلفي (iḵlifi)

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /xal.laf/, [ˈxal.laf]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

خلّف (ḵallaf) (form II, present بخلّف(biḵallef))

  1. to give birth
    Synonym: جاب(jāb)
Conjugation[edit]
    Conjugation of خلّف (ḵallaf)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m خلّفت (ḵallaft) خلّفت (ḵallaft) خلّف (ḵallaf) خلّفنا (ḵallafna) خلّفتو (ḵallaftu) خلّفو (ḵallafu)
f خلّفتي (ḵallafti) خلّفت (ḵallafat)
present m بخلّف (baḵallef) بتخلّف (bitḵallef) بخلّف (biḵallef) منخلّف (minḵallef) بتخلّفو (bitḵallfu) بخلّفو (biḵallfu)
f بتخلّفي (bitḵallfi) بتخلّف (bitḵallef)
subjunctive m اخلّف (aḵallef) تخلّف (tḵallef) يخلّف (yḵallef) نخلّف (nḵallef) تخلّفو (tḵallfu) يخلّفو (yḵallfu)
f تخلّفي (tḵallfi) تخلّف (tḵallef)
imperative m خلّف (ḵallef) خلّفو (ḵallfu)
f خلّفي (ḵallfi)