خمس

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *ḫamišum.

Numeral[edit]

خَمْس (ḵamsm (feminineخَمْسَة(ḵamsa))

  1. masculine of خَمْسَة(ḵamsa, five)
Descendants[edit]
  • Azerbaijani: xəms
  • Ottoman Turkish: ⁧خمس(ḫams)

Etymology 2[edit]

Arabic numbers (edit)
 ←  4 ٥
5
6  → 
    Cardinal: ⁧خَمْسَة(ḵamsa)
    Ordinal: ⁧خَامِس(ḵāmis)
    Multiplier: ⁧خُمَاسِيّ(ḵumāsiyy), ⁧مُخَمَّس(muḵammas)
    Distributive: ⁧خُمَاسَ(ḵumāsa)
    Fractional: ⁧خُمُس(ḵumus), ⁧خُمْس(ḵums)

From the root ⁧خ م س(ḵ-m-s); compare ⁧خَمْسَة(ḵamsa, five).

Noun[edit]

الخَمْس (al-ḵamsm

  1. (with the definite article) the five digits of the hand

Noun[edit]

خُمُسorخُمْس (ḵumus or ḵumsm (pluralأَخْمَاس(ʔaḵmās))

  1. one fifth
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
See also[edit]

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Moroccan Arabic numbers (edit)
 ←  4 5 6  → 
    Cardinal: ⁧خمسة
    Ordinal: ⁧خامس
    Fractional: ⁧خمس

From Arabicخُمُس(ḵumus).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

خمس (ḵumusm (dualخمسين(ḵumsayn), pluralخماس(ḵmās))

  1. fifth (fraction)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabicخَمْس(ḵams), feminine of خَمْسَة(ḵamsa).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

خمس (ḵamsm or f

  1. attributive form of خمسة(ḵamsa)

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Arabicخَمْس(ḵams).

Numeral[edit]

خمس (ḫams)

  1. feminine of خمسه(ḫamse, five)

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Arabicخِمْس(ḵims).

Noun[edit]

خمس (ḫıms)

  1. a space of five days

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Arabicخُمْس(ḵums).

Noun[edit]

خمس (ḫums) (pluralاخماس⁩)

  1. a fifth part, a fifth; especially, the sovereign's canonical share of one fifth of prizes of war

Etymology 4[edit]

Borrowed from Arabicالْخُمْس(al-ḵums).

Noun[edit]

خمس (ḫums)

  1. name of a town and district in the province of Tripoli in Africa

Further reading[edit]

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabicخُمْس(ḵums).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Readings
Classical reading? xums
Dari reading? xums
Iranian reading? xoms
Tajik reading? xums

Noun[edit]

Dari خمس
Iranian Persian
Tajik хумс

خمس (xoms)

  1. fifth (one of five equal parts of a whole)
  2. (Islam) khums

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

South Levantine Arabic numbers (edit)
 ←  4 ٥
5
6  → 
    Cardinal: ⁧خمسة
    Ordinal: ⁧خامس
    Fractional: ⁧خمس

From Arabicخُمُس(ḵumus).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /xums/, [xʊms]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

خمس (ḵumsm (pluralخماس(ḵmās) orأخماس(ʾaḵmās))

  1. fifth (fraction)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabicخَمْس(ḵams), feminine of خَمْسَة(ḵamsa).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

خمس (ḵams)

  1. construct state of خمسة(ḵamse)