دم

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

دَمَّ (damma) I, non-past يَدُمُّ‎‎ (yadummu)

  1. to coat, to smear
  2. to paint, to daub, to dye, to tint
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

دَمّ (dammm

  1. verbal noun of دَمَّ (damma) (form I)
  2. ointment, salve, unguent, liniment
  3. paint
  4. pigment, dye
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *dam-, from Proto-Afroasiatic *dam-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

دَم (damm (dual دَمَانِ(damāni) or دَمَيَان(damayān) or دَمَوَانِ(damawāni), plural دِمَاء(dimāʾ))

  1. (uncountable) blood
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Maltese: demm
  • Moroccan Arabic: دم(damm)
  • Indonesian: dam (punishment)

Etymology 4[edit]

Suggested by Hommel as inherited from a Proto-Semitic *dimm- (wild cat), but presumably borrowed from Ge'ez ድመት (dəmmat), because this is a Lockwort rare in literary Arabic and appears in the dialects only in northwest Yemen, whereas it overspreads all Ethiopian Semitic as the word for the cat; the compared Akkadian 𒁺𒈠𒈬 (du-ma-mu /dumāmu, tumāmu/, leopard) is considered probably a foreign borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

دِمّ (dimmm (plural دِمَم(dimam), feminine دِمّة(dimma)) (now only Yemen)

  1. cat; wild cat
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Behnstedt, Peter; Woidich, Manfred, editors (2005) Arabische Dialektgeographie. Eine Einführung (Handbook of Oriental Studies – Handbuch der Orientalistik; 78) (in German), Leiden: Brill, page 200
  • Behnstedt, Peter; Woidich, Manfred, editors (2010) Wortatlas der arabischen Dialekte – Band I: Mensch, Natur, Fauna und Flora (Handbook of Oriental Studies – Handbuch der Orientalistik; 100) (in German), Leiden: Brill, page 326–329
  • Hommel, Fritz (1879) Die Namen der Säugethiere bei den südsemitischen Völkern als Beiträge zur arabischen und äthiopischen Lexicographie, zur semitischen Kulturforschung und Sprachvergleichung und zur Geschichte der Mittelmeerfauna. Mit steter Berücksichtigung auch der assyrischen und hebräischen Thiernamen und geographischen und literaturgeschichtlichen Excursen[1] (in German), Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs’sche Buchhandlung, pages 318–319
  • Landsberger, Benno (1931), “Lexikalisches Archiv”, in Zeitschrift für Assyriologie und verwandte Gebiete[2] (in German), volume 40, page 296 / Nr. 2
  • Landsberger, Benno (1934) Die Fauna des alten Mesopotamien nach der 14. Tafel der Serie ḪAR-RA = ḫubullu (Abhandlungen der philologisch-historischen Klasse der sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften; XLII. Nr. VI)‎[3] (in German), Leipzig: Salomon Hirzel, pages 83–84
  • Nöldeke, Theodor (1910) Neue Beiträge zur semitischen Sprachwissenschaft[4] (in German), Straßburg: Karl J. Trübner, page 58
  • Soden, Wolfram von (1933), “Der hymnisch-epische Dialekt des Akkadischen”, in Zeitschrift für Assyriologie und verwandte Gebiete[5] (in German), volume 41, page 168 / Fn. 4

Etymology 5[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

دُمْ (dum) (form I)

  1. second-person masculine singular imperative active of دَامَ(dāma)
  2. second-person masculine singular active imperative of دَامَ(dāma)

Laki[edit]

Noun[edit]

دم (dim)

  1. (anatomy) mouth

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic دَم(dam).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

دم (dammm (plural دمايات(dmāyāt))

  1. blood

Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Spoken form of دنب(donb); see there for etymology.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari Persian دم
Iranian Persian
Tajik дум (dum)

دم (dom)

  1. tail
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Middle Persian [script needed] (dam).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari Persian دم
Iranian Persian
Tajik дам (dam)

دم (dam)

  1. breath
  2. steam
  3. moment

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Arabic دَم(dam).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

دم (dam)

  1. (obsolete) blood
    Synonym: خون(xun)

Urdu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Sanskrit दम (dama).

Noun[edit]

دم (damm (Hindi spelling दम)

  1. taming
  2. self-restraint
  3. self-control
  4. temperance

Etymology 2[edit]

From Persian دم(dam).

Noun[edit]

دم (damm (Hindi spelling दम)

  1. breath
  2. puff
  3. whiff
  4. life, vitality
  5. energy, vigour
  6. moment, instant
  7. draught
  8. elasticity
  9. strength
  10. ambition
  11. pleasure

Etymology 3[edit]

From Persian, from Sanskrit दम्भ (dambha).

Noun[edit]

دم (damm (Hindi spelling दम)

  1. deceit
  2. fraud
  3. trickery
  4. trick
  5. coaxing
  6. arrogance
  7. pride
  8. boasting

Etymology 4[edit]

From Arabic دَم(dam).

Noun[edit]

دم (damm (Hindi spelling दम)

  1. blood

Etymology 5[edit]

From Persian دم(dom).

Noun[edit]

دم (dumf (Hindi spelling दुम)

  1. tail
  2. end
  3. extremity
  4. follower