ذات

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Arabic[edit]

Noun[edit]

ذَات (ḏātf, dual ذَوَاتَا(ḏawātā) or ذَاتَا(ḏātā), dual oblique ذَوَاتَيْ(ḏawātay) or ذَاتَيْ(ḏātay), plural ذَوَات(ḏawāt) or أُولَات(ʾulāt), masculine ذُو(ḏū) (construct state only)

  1. feminine singular of ذُو(ḏū, possessor of, owner of)
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 111:3:
      سَيَصْلَى نَارًا ذَاتَ لَهَبٍ
      sayaṣlā nāran ḏāta lahabin
      He will burn in a Fire of flame
  2. spontaneousness
    ذَات الْبَيْن‎ ― ḏāt al-bayndisagreement, enmity; concord, friendship
    ذَاتَ يَوْمٍ‎ ― ḏāta yawminone day, once
    ذَاتَ لَيْلَةٍ‎ ― ḏāta laylatinon a certain night
    ذَاتَ مَرَّةٍ‎ ― ḏāta marratinonce; one time
    • (Can we date this quote?) Ahmad Shawqi
      يُقَالُ كَانَ الْكَلْبُ ذَاتَ يَوْمٍ
      بَيْنَ الرِّيَاضِ غَارِقًا فِي النَّوْمِ
      yuqālu kāna l-kalbu ḏāta yawmin
      bayna r-riyāḍi ḡāriqan fī n-nawmi
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

ذَات (ḏātf, dual ذَاتَانِ(ḏātāni), plural ذَوَات(ḏawāt)

  1. being, essence, substance, nature
  2. person, individual
    ذَاتًا‎ ― ḏātanpersonally
  3. self, identity
    ذَات نَفْسِهِ‎ ― ḏāt nafsihihis self
    ذَات أَنْفُسِهِم‎ ― ḏāt ʔanfusihimtheir selves
  4. -self
    هُوَ بِذَاتِهِ‎ ― huwa biḏātihihe himself
    هُوَ ذَاتُهُ‎ ― huwa ḏātuhuhe himself
  5. same
    ذَات الشَّيْء‎ ― ḏāt aš-šayʔthe same thing
    ذَات الْأَشْيَاء‎ ― ḏāt al-ʔašyāʔthe same things
    السَّنَة ذَاتُهَا‎ ― as-sana ḏātuhāthe same year
  6. material object
    اِسْم الذَّات‎ ― ism aḏ-ḏātconcrete noun

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • North Levantine Arabic: ذات(learned)
  • Swahili: dhati

Pronoun[edit]

ذَاتَ (ḏātaf

  1. (rare, obsolete) feminine singular of ذَا(ḏā, this)

North Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Arabic ذات(ḏāt).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ذات (zēt, zātf

  1. essence
  2. same
  3. -self

Usage notes[edit]

  • Often used with enclitic suffixes with the singular and plural third-person pronouns, هو, هي, and هن/هنن.
    • هو ذاتهُ (huwwe zēto, the same one) masc.
    • هي ذاتهَا (hiyye zēta, the same one) fem.
    • هن ذاتهُن (hinne zētun, the same ones)

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic ذَات(ḏāt).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ذات (zât)

  1. essence
  2. nature (characteristic)
  3. substance

Derived terms[edit]

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persian ذات‎, from Arabic.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ذات (zātf (Hindi spelling ज़ात)

  1. essence
  2. nature (characteristic)
  3. substance
  4. body
  5. person, entity
  6. self, ego
  7. possessor, owner
  8. breed, caste
  9. generation

Related terms[edit]