ذكر

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See also: ذکر

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ذ ك ر(ḏ-k-r). Cognate with Hebrew זָכַר(zachár, to remember) and Ugaritic 𐎏𐎋𐎗 (ḏkr, to remember).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ذَكَرَ (ḏakara) I, non-past يَذْكُرُ‎‎ (yaḏkuru)

  1. to mention, to cite, to quote
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 47:20:
      فَإِذَا أُنْزِلَتْ سُورَةٌ مُحْكَمَةٌ وَذُكِرَ فِيهَا الْقِتَالُ رَأَيْتَ الَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِم مَرَضٌ يَنظُرُونَ إِلَيْكَ نَظَرَ الْمَغْشِيِّ عَلَيْهِ مِنَ الْمَوْتِ
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  2. to remember, to recall
  3. to bear in mind
  4. to think
  5. to speak, to talk
  6. to state, to designate, to indicate
  7. to refer
  8. to report, to tell, to relate
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ذَكَّرَ (ḏakkara) II, non-past يُذَكِّرُ‎‎ (yuḏakkiru), verbal noun تَذْكِير(taḏkīr) or تَذْكِرَة(taḏkira)

  1. to remind, to point out
Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ذَكَّرَ (ḏakkara) II, non-past يُذَكِّرُ‎‎ (yuḏakkiru), verbal noun تَذْكِير(taḏkīr)

  1. (grammar) to make masculine
Conjugation[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Cognate with Hebrew זֵכֶר(zécher, remembrance).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ذِكْر (ḏikrm (plural أَذْكَار(ʾaḏkār))

  1. verbal noun of ذَكَرَ (ḏakara) (form I)
  2. recollection, remembrance
  3. reputation, renown
  4. mentioning, quoting, quote, citing, citation
  5. stating, indicating, naming
  6. report, account, narration
  7. (Islam) dhikr, zikr
Descendants[edit]
  • Bengali: জিকির (jikir)
  • Kazakh: зікір (zikir)
  • Malay: dikir/zikir
  • Russian: зикр (zikr)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *ðikar- (man; male; phallus) (ذ ك ر(ḏ-k-r)). Cognate with Hebrew זָכָר(zachár, male).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ða.kar/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

ذَكَر (ḏakarm (plural ذُكُور(ḏukūr) or ذُكْرَان(ḏukrān) or ذُكُورَة(ḏukūra) or ذِكَار(ḏikār) or ذِكَارَة(ḏikāra) or ذِكَرَة(ḏikara))

  1. male
Antonyms[edit]
Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]
  • Egyptian Arabic: دكر(dakar)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ذَكَر (ḏakarm (plural ذُكُور(ḏukūr))

  1. penis
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979) , “ذكر”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic ذَكَر(ḏakar)

Adjective[edit]

ذكر (zeker)

  1. male
  2. masculine
  3. manly; virile

Noun[edit]

ذكر (zeker)

  1. male
  2. penis

References[edit]



South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
ذ ك ر

Etymology 1[edit]

Learned borrowing from Arabic ذَكَرَ(ḏakara).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ذكر (zakar) (form I, present بذكر(bozkor), subjunctive يذكر(yozkor))

  1. to mention
  2. to quote
Conjugation[edit]
    Conjugation of ذكر
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m ذكرت(zakart) ذكرت(zakart) ذكر (zakar) ذكرنا(zakarna) ذكرتو(zakartu) ذكرو(zakaru)
f ذكرتي(zakarti) ذكرت(zakrat)
present m بذكر(bazkor) بتذكر(btozkor) بذكر(bozkor) منذكر(mnozkor) بتذكرو(btozkoru) بذكرو(bozkoru)
f بتذكري(btozkori) بتذكر(btozkor)
subjunctive m أذكر(ʔazkor) تذكر(tozkor) يذكر(yozkor) نذكر(nozkor) تذكرو(tozkoru) يذكرو(yozkoru)
f تذكري(tozkori) تذكر(tozkor)
imperative m اذكر(ozkor) اذكرو(ozkoru)
f اذكري(ozkori)


Etymology 2[edit]

Learned borrowing from Arabic ذَكَّرَ(ḏakkara).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ذكّر (zakkar) (form II, present بذكّر(bizakker), subjunctive يذكّر(yzakker))

  1. (transitive) to remind
Conjugation[edit]
    Conjugation of ذكر
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m ذكّرت(zakkart) ذكّرت(zakkart) ذكّر (zakkar) ذكّرنا(zakkarna) ذكّرتو(zakkartu) ذكّرو(zakkaru)
f ذكّرتي(zakkarti) ذكّرت(zakkarat)
present m بذكّر(bazakker) بتذكّر(bitzakker) بذكّر(bizakker) منذكّر(minzakker) بتذكّرو(bitzakkru) بذكّرو(bizakkru)
f بتذكّري(bitzakkri) بتذكّر(bitzakker)
subjunctive m اذكّر(azakker) تذكّر(tzakker) يذكّر(yzakker) نذكّر(nzakker) تذكّرو(tzakkru) يذكّرو(yzakkru)
f تذكّري(tzakkri) تذكّر(tzakker)
imperative m ذكّر (zakker) ذكّرو(zakkru)
f ذكّري(zakkri)


See also[edit]