را

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Pashto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

را ()

  1. toward me or us (pronominal prefix of the first person)

Persian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • رو(ro) (colloquial)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian lʾd (rāy), from Old Persian 𐎼𐎠𐎭 (ra-a-da, rād, cause, reason, because of, due to) from Proto-Indo-European *h₂er- (to fit together).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (literary Persian) IPA(key): /ɾɒː/
  • (colloquial, after a consonant) IPA(key): [o]
  • (colloquial, after a vowel) IPA(key): [ɾo]
  • (Kabuli, after a consonant) IPA(key): [a]
  • (Kabuli, after a vowel) IPA(key): [ɾa]

Particle[edit]

را ()

  1. indicates that the preceding noun phrase is a definite direct object
    دیروز او را دیدم.‎‎
    Diruz u didam.
    I saw him yesterday.
    باید تو را پیدا کنم.‎‎
    Bâyad to peydâ konam.
    I have to find you.
  2. (often dated) to; indicates that the preceding noun phrase is an indirect object
    خدا را شكر.‎‎
    Xodâ šokr.
    Thank God.
    (literally, “Thanks [be] to God.”)
  3. (archaic) for the sake of

Usage notes[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nourai, Ali (2011) An Etymological Dictionary of Persian, English and other Indo-European Languages, page 32