روشن

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Libyan Arabic

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Etymology

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From Persian روزن (rowzan), روزنه (rowzane).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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روشن (rōšanm (plural رواشن (rwāšin))

  1. window

Persian

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Etymology

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Inherited from Middle Persian lwšn' (rōšn, light; bright, light), from Old Persian *rauxšnā, from Proto-Iranian *ráwxšnaH, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ráwxšnaH, from Proto-Indo-European *lówksneh₂ (moon). Doublet of رخشان (raxšân, bright) and لوخن (loxan, moon, moonlight).

Cognates include Latin lūna, Armenian լուսին (lusin), Old Church Slavonic лоуна (luna).

Pronunciation

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Readings
Classical reading? rawšan, rōšan
Dari reading? rawšan, rōšan
Iranian reading? rowšan
Tajik reading? ravšan, rüšan
  • Audio (Dari):(file)
  • Audio (Iran):(file)

Adjective

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Dari روشن
Iranian Persian
Tajik равшан, рӯшан

روشن (rowšan) (comparative روشن‌تَر (rowšan-tar), superlative روشن‌تَرین (rowšan-tarin))

  1. light
  2. lit
  3. alight
  4. bright
  5. clear
  6. on

Antonyms

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Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Bengali: রওশন (roōśon)
  • Gujarati: રોશન (rośan)
  • Hindustani:
    Hindi: रौशन (rauśan)
    Urdu: روشن (rauśan, rośan)
  • Middle Armenian: ռօշան (ṙōšan)
  • Punjabi:
    Gurmukhi script: ਰੋਸ਼ਨ (rośan)
    Shahmukhi script: روشن (rauśan, rośan)

References

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  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971) “rōšn”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 72.
  • Edelʹman, D. I. (2020) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ iranskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages] (in Russian), volume 6, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, page 420

Urdu

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Classical Persian روشن (rawšan).

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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رَوشَن or روشَن (rauśan or rośan) (Hindi spelling रौशन or रोशन)

  1. bright, shining, luminous
  2. illuminated; lit, alight
  3. manifest, evident, clear
  4. splendid; good
  5. enlightened

Derived terms

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References

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  • روشن”, in اُردُو لُغَت (urdū luġat) (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • Qureshi, Bashir Ahmad (1971) “روشن”, in Kitabistan's 20th Century Standard Dictionary‎, Lahore: Kitabistan Pub. Co.
  • Platts, John T. (1884) “روشن”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & Co.
  • روشن”, in ریخْتَہ لُغَت (rexta luġat) - Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English], Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2024.