سنگ

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See also: شنگ

Baluchi[edit]

Noun[edit]

سنگ (sang, sing)

  1. stone

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian KYPA / sng (sang, stone, rock). Cognate with Parthian (Manichaean) ʾsng (asang, stone), Avestan 𐬀𐬯𐬀𐬥 (asan-, stone), 𐬀𐬯𐬆𐬥𐬔𐬀 (asənga-, stone), Old Persian 𐎠𐎰𐎥 (aθaⁿga-, stone, rock), Median *asan- (stone) (> Old Persian 𐎠𐎿𐎴 (asan-, stone)), Khotanese [script needed] (sam̥gga-, stone). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱ- (sharp), because of the cutting sharpness of stone.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari سنگ
Iranian Persian سنگ
Tajik санг (sang)

سنگ (sang) (plural سنگ‌ها (sang-hâ))

  1. stone, rock
  2. tombstone
  3. (now rare) weight
  4. (now rare) value, worth, price
  5. (now rare) authority, dignity

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • "سنگ" in Dehkhoda Dictionary.
  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “sang”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 74
  • Bailey, H. W. (1979), “sam̥gga-”, in Dictionary of Khotan Saka, Cambridge, London, New York, Melbourne: Cambridge University press, page 417a
  • Bartholomae, Christian (1904) Altiranisches Wörterbuch [Old Iranian Dictionary][1] (in German), Strassburg: K. J. Trübner, column 210
  • Kent, Roland G. (1950), “aθaⁿga-”, in Old Persian: grammar, texts, lexicon, New Haven: American Oriental Society, page 166

Urdu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Persian سنگ (sang).

Noun[edit]

سنگ (sangm (Hindi spelling संग or सन्ग)

  1. stone
  2. weight

Etymology 2[edit]

From Sanskrit.

Adverb[edit]

سنگ (saṅg)  Hindi spelling: संग (saṅg), सङ्ग (saṅg)

  1. collectively
  2. together

Noun[edit]

سنگ (saṅgm (Hindi spelling संग or सङ्ग)

  1. confluence
  2. contact
  3. coherence
  4. association
  5. union
  6. connection
  7. intimacy
  8. friendship
  9. love
  10. intercourse