سنگ

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See also: شنگ

Baluchi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Iranian *Hacangáh.

Noun[edit]

سنگ (sang, sing)

  1. stone

Kermanic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Median *asangáh, from Proto-Iranian *Hacangáh.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

سنگ⁩ (seng, sang, säng)

  1. stone

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
سنگ
Wikipedia fa

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Persian KYPA / sng (sang, stone, rock).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Readings
Classical reading? sang
Dari reading? sang
Iranian reading? sang
Tajik reading? sang

Noun[edit]

Dari سنگ
Iranian Persian
Tajik санг

سنگ (sang) (pluralسنگ‌ها(sang-hâ))

  1. stone, rock
  2. tombstone
  3. (archaic) authority, dignity
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Coptic: ⲃⲁⲥⲛϭ (basnc)
  • Hindustani:
    Hindi: संग (saṅg)
    Urdu: ⁧سنگ(saṅg)
  • Ottoman Turkish: ⁧سنگ(seng)
  • Punjabi:
    Gurmukhi script: ਸੰਗ (saṅg)
    Shahmukhi script: ⁧سنگ(saṅg)
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Deverbal noun of ⁧سنجیدن(sanjidan) or ⁧سختن(saxtan, to weigh, compare).

Noun[edit]

Dari سنگ
Iranian Persian
Tajik санг

سنگ (sang)

  1. (dated) weight
  2. (dated) value, worth, price
Derived terms[edit]

Urdu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Classical Persianسنگ(sang, stone).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

سَن٘گ (saṅgm (Hindi spelling संग)

  1. stone
    Synonym:پَتَّھر(patthar)
  2. weight
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Inherited from Sanskrit सङ्ग (saṅga).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

سَن٘گ (saṅg) (Hindi spelling संग or सङ्ग)

  1. collectively
  2. together

Noun[edit]

سَن٘گ (saṅgm (Hindi spelling संग or सङ्ग)

  1. association, union; company
  2. confluence, coherence; contact, connection
  3. friendship; love
  4. intimacy
  5. intercourse

References[edit]

  • سنگ”, in اُردُو لُغَت(urdū luġat) (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • Qureshi, Bashir Ahmad (1971), “سنگ”, in Kitabistan's 20th Century Standard Dictionary‎, Lahore: Kitabistan Pub. Co.
  • Platts, John T. (1884), “سنگ”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & Co.
  • سنگ”, in ریخْتَہ لُغَت(rexta luġat) - Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English] (in English), Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2024.