شام

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: سام

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

شَام (šāmm

  1. Only used in الشَّام(aš-šām)

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ش ي م(š-y-m).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

شَامَ (šāma) I, non-past يَشِيمُ‎‎ (yašīmu)

  1. to have sheathed, to have hidden, to have concealed
  2. to watch, to observe
  3. to expect, to conjecture
Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

شَامَمَ or شَامَّ (šāmma or šāmama) III, non-past يُشَامُّor يُشَامِمُ‎‎ (yušāmmu or yušāmimu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  • Freytag, Georg (1833), “شام”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 2, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 473
  • Lane, Edward William (1863), “شام”, in Arabic-English Lexicon, London: Williams & Norgate, page 1634
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “شام”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 690

Gujarati[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persian شام‎.

Noun[edit]

شام (śāmf (Standard Gujarati શામ)

  1. (Lisan ud-Dawat) evening

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic شَام(šām).

Proper noun[edit]

شام (şâm)

  1. Damascus (the capital city of Syria vilayet)
  2. Syria (a vilayet in the Ottoman Empire)
Descendants[edit]
  • Turkish: Şam

Etymology 2[edit]

From Persian شام(šâm).

Noun[edit]

شام (şâm)

  1. evening
  2. night
Descendants[edit]

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Related to Persian شب(šab). Compare Sogdian [script needed] (χşām, evening).

Noun[edit]

Dari شام
Iranian Persian
Tajik шом (šom)

شام (šâm)

  1. dinner, supper
    برای شام چی داریم؟‎‎ (more literary)barâ-ye šâm či dârim?What do we have for dinner?
    شام چی داریم؟‎‎ (more colloquial)šâm či dârim?What do we have for dinner?
  2. (archaic) dusk
  3. (archaic) evening
    Synonym: عصر('asr)
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic شَام(šām).

Proper noun[edit]

Dari شام
Iranian Persian
Tajik Шом (Šom)

شام (šâm)

  1. Greater Syria, the Levant (a region of Western Asia)
  2. Damascus (the capital city of Syria)
    Synonym: دمشق(damešq)
Descendants[edit]

Urdu[edit]

Urdu Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ur

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persian شام(šām).

Noun[edit]

شام (śāmf (Hindi spelling शाम)

  1. evening, night
Declension[edit]
Declension of شام
singular plural
direct شام(śām) شامیں(śāmẽ)
oblique شام(śām) شاموں(śāmõ)
vocative شام(śām) شامو(śāmo)

References[edit]

  • شام”, in اُردُو لُغَت (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • شام”, in Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English], Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2023.

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persian شام(šām, Greater Syria; Levant), from Arabic الشَّام(Levant; Damascus).

Proper noun[edit]

شام (śāmm (Hindi spelling शाम)

  1. Syria (a country in Western Asia, in the Middle East)
  2. (by extension) Greater Syria, the Levant (a region of Western Asia, in the Middle East)

See also[edit]


Uyghur[edit]

Noun[edit]

شام (sham)

  1. candle