شدد

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ش د د(š-d-d).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

شَدَّدَ (šaddada) II, non-past يُشَدِّدُ‎‎ (yušaddidu)

  1. (transitive, intransitive with عَلَى(ʿalā)) to intensify; to emphasize; accentuate; to stress
    1. to maintain; to affirm; to uphold
  2. (transitive) to harshen (a restriction, a law, a punishment, or the like); to tighten up
    Antonym: خفَّفَ(to lighten)
  3. (transitive) to lengthen (a consonant) in pronunciation, to geminate
    Synonym: ضعَّفَ(to double)
    1. (transitive) to vocalize (a consonant letter) with شَدَّة(šadda, the gemination diacritic)
  4. (intransitive with عَلَى(ʿalā)) to be strict with; to restrict
    Synonym: ضَيَّقَ(ḍayyaqa)
    1. to restrict financially, to stint, to scant

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “شد”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
ش د د

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic شَدَّدَ(šaddada).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʃad.dad/, [ˈʃad.dad]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

شدّد (šaddad) (form II, present بشدّد(bišadded))

  1. to emphasize
    Synonym: أبرز(ʔabraz)
  2. to be harsh or strict

Conjugation[edit]

    Conjugation of شدّد (šaddad)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m شدّدت(šaddadt) شدّدت(šaddadt) شدّد (šaddad) شدّدنا(šaddadna) شدّدتو(šaddadtu) شدّدو(šaddadu)
f شدّدتي(šaddadti) شدّدت(šaddadat)
present m بشدّد(bašadded) بتشدّد(bitšadded) بشدّد(bišadded) منشدّد(minšadded) بتشدّدو(bitšadddu) بشدّدو(bišadddu)
f بتشدّدي(bitšadddi) بتشدّد(bitšadded)
subjunctive m اشدّد(ašadded) تشدّد(tšadded) يشدّد(yšadded) نشدّد(nšadded) تشدّدو(tšadddu) يشدّدو(yšadddu)
f تشدّدي(tšadddi) تشدّد(tšadded)
imperative m شدّد (šadded) شدّدو(šadddu)
f شدّدي(šadddi)