شهاب

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Arabic[edit]

Arabic Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ar

Etymology[edit]

From the root ش ه ب(š-h-b).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

شِهَاب (šihābm (plural شُهُب(šuhub) or شُهْبَان(šuhbān) or شِهْبَان(šihbān) or أَشْهُب(ʾašhub))

  1. brand, blaze, burning flame
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 15:18:
      إِلَّا مَنِ ٱسْتَرَقَ ٱلسَّمْعَ فَأَتْبَعَهُ شِهَابٌ مُّبِينٌ
      ʾillā mani staraqa s-samʿa faʾatbaʿahu šihābun mmubīnun
      Except one who steals a hearing and is pursued by a clear burning flame.
  2. brand, a feeling of inflammation or irritation on the body
    • a. 1050, مروان بن جناح‎ [Marwān ibn Janāḥ], Gerrit Bos, Fabian Käs, editors, كتاب التلخيص [kitāb at-talḵīṣ] [On the Nomenclature of Medicinal Drugs], Leiden: Brill, published 2020, DOI:10.1163/9789004413344, →ISBN, 802 (fol. 68r,1–5), page 938:
      الصاب هو العلقم، وقال أبو حنيفة: الصاب شجر إذا اعتصر خرج منه كهيئة اللبن، فربّما نزتْ منه نزية، أي قطرة، فتقع في العين فكأنّها شهاب نار، وربّما أضعفت البصر.‎‎
      Aṣ-ṣāb is the squirting cucumber. Abū Ḥanīfa said: Aṣ-ṣāb is a shrub from which one brings out a milkish sap on squeeze. If a squirt, that is to say a single drop of it, touches the eye, it is afterwards [hurting] like fire-brand. It potentially weakens the eyesight.
  3. meteor

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Persian: شهاب(šahâb)
  • Medieval Latin: asub, assub

Proper noun[edit]

شِهَاب (šihāb)

  1. a surname

Further reading[edit]

  • West, Andrew F. (1891), “Lexicographical Gleanings from the Philobiblon of Richard de Bury”, in Transactions of the American Philological Association, volume 22, page 100

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic شِهَاب(šihāb).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

شهاب (šahâb) (plural شهاب‌ها(šahâb-hâ))

  1. meteor
  2. shooting star

Related terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

شهاب (šahâb)

  1. a male given name, Shahab, from Arabic