شهر

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See also: شہرand سہر

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ش ه ر(š-h-r). The meaning “month” can be considered a semantic loan from Aramaic סהרא‎, but compare Old South Arabian 𐩦𐩠𐩧(s²hr, beginning of the lunar month).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Verb I: IPA(key): /ʃa.ha.ra/
  • Verb II: IPA(key): /ʃah.ha.ra/
  • Noun: IPA(key): /ʃahr/
  • Noun:
    (file)

Verb[edit]

شَهَرَ (šahara) I, non-past يَشْهَرُ‎‎ (yašharu)

  1. to spread, to make known, to divulge
  2. to make well-known, to make famous, to make notorious
  3. to proclaim, to announce
  4. to draw (a weapon), to unsheathe

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

شَهَّرَ (šahhara) II, non-past يُشَهِّرُ‎‎ (yušahhiru)

  1. to make well-known, to make famous, to make notorious
  2. to spread, to make known, to divulge
  3. to proclaim, to announce
  4. to defame, to slander, to revile, to pillory, to condemn, to denounce

Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

شَهْر (šahrm (plural أَشْهُر(ʾašhur) or شُهُور(šuhūr))

  1. verbal noun of شَهَرَ (šahara) (form I)
  2. month (unit of time)
  3. new moon (beginning of the lunar month)
    شَهْر الْعَسَل(šahr al-ʿasal, honeymoon)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Jeffery, Arthur (1938) The Foreign Vocabulary of the Qurʾān (Gaekwad’s Oriental Series; 79), Baroda: Oriental Institute, page 186–187
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “شهر”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 680

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic شَهْر(šahr).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

شهر (šharm (dual شهرين(šahrayn), plural شهور(šhūr) or شهورة(šhūra))

  1. month

See also[edit]

Gregorian calendar months in Moroccan Arabic · شهور التقويم الميلادي(šhūr et-taqwīm el-mīlādi) (layout · text)
January February March April
شهر واحد(šhar wāḥid),يناير(yanāyir) شهر جوج(šhar jūj), فبراير(fibrāyir) شهر تلاتة(šhar tlāta), مارس(māris) شهر ربعة(šhar rabʕa), أبريل(abrīl)
May June July August
شهر خمسة(šhar ḵamsa), ماي(māy) شهر ستة(šhar sitta), يونيو(yūnyu) شهر سبعة(šhar sabʕa), يوليوز(yūlyūz) شهر تمنية(šhar tmanya), غشت(ḡušt)
September October November December
شهر تسعة(šhar tisʕa), شهر تسعود(šhar tisʕūd), شتنبر(šutanbir) شهر عشرة(šhar ʕašra), أكتوبر(ʔuktūbar) شهر حداش(šhar ḥdāš), نونبر(nuwanbir) شهر تناش(šhar tnāš), دجنبر(dujanbir)

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian شهر(šahr).

Noun[edit]

شهر (şehir)

  1. city
  2. town
  3. borough

Persian[edit]

Dari Persian شهر
Iranian Persian
Tajik шаҳр (šahr)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian 𐭱𐭲𐭥𐭩(štʿy /šahr/), from Proto-Iranian *xšaθram (likely through Avestan 𐬑𐬱𐬀𐬚𐬭𐬀(xšaθra, kingdom), compare Old Persian 𐎧𐏁𐏂𐎶 (x-š-ç-m /xšaça-/)), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *kšatrám, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *tek- (to attain).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Kabuli): IPA(key): /ʃɒːɾ/

Noun[edit]

شهر (šahr) (plural شهرها(šahr-hâ))

  1. (obsolete) land, country
  2. city, town

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic شَهْر(šahr).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʃahr/, [ˈʃa.h(ɪ)r]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

شهر (šahrm (plural أشهر(ʔašhor) or شهور(šhūr))

  1. month

See also[edit]

Gregorian calendar months in South Levantine Arabic · أشهر التقويم الميلادي(ʔašhor it-taqwīm il-mīlādi) (layout · text)
January February March April
شهر واحد(šahr wāḥad),
كانون التاني(kānūn it-tāni)
شهر تنين(šahr tnēn),
شباط(šbāṭ)
شهر تلاتة(šahr talāte),
آذار(ʔāḏār)
شهر أربعة(šahr arbaʕa),
نيسان(nīsān)
May June July August
شهر خمسة(šahr ḵamse),
أيّار(ʔayyār)
شهر ستّة(šahr sitte),
حزيران(ḥazīrān)
شهر سبعة(šahr sabʕa),
تمّوز(tammūz)
شهر تمانية(šahr tamanye),
آب(ʔāb)
September October November December
شهر تسعة(šahr tisʕa),
أيلول(ʔēlūl)
شهر عشرة(šahr ʕašara),
تشرين الأوّل(tišrīn il-ʔawwal)
شهر حدعش(šahr ḥdaʕš),
تشرين التاني(tišrīn it-tāni)
شهر تنعش(šahr tnaʕš),
كانون الأوّل(kānūn il-ʔawwal)