شهر

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See also: شہرand سہر

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ش ه ر(š-h-r). The meaning “month” can be considered a semantic loan from Aramaic סהרא‎, but compare Old South Arabian 𐩦𐩠𐩧(beginning of the lunar month).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Verb I: IPA(key): /ʃa.ha.ra/
  • Verb II: IPA(key): /ʃah.ha.ra/
  • Noun: IPA(key): /ʃahr/
  • Noun:
    (file)

Verb[edit]

شَهَرَ (šahara) I, non-past يَشْهَرُ‎‎ (yašharu)

  1. to spread, to make known, to divulge
  2. to make well-known, to make famous, to make notorious
  3. to proclaim, to announce
  4. to draw (a weapon), to unsheathe

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

شَهَّرَ (šahhara) II, non-past يُشَهِّرُ‎‎ (yušahhiru)

  1. to make well-known, to make famous, to make notorious
  2. to spread, to make known, to divulge
  3. to proclaim, to announce
  4. to defame, to slander, to revile, to pillory, to condemn, to denounce

Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

شَهْر (šahrm (plural أَشْهُر(ʾašhur) or شُهُور(šuhūr))

  1. verbal noun of شَهَرَ (šahara) (form I)
  2. month (unit of time)
  3. new moon (beginning of the lunar month)
    شَهْر الْعَسَل(šahr al-ʿasal, honeymoon)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Jeffery, Arthur (1938) The Foreign Vocabulary of the Qurʾān (Gaekwad’s Oriental Series; 79), Baroda: Oriental Institute, page 186–187
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “شهر”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 680

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Noun[edit]

شهر (šhr)

  1. month

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian شهر(šahr).

Noun[edit]

شهر (şehir)

  1. city
  2. town
  3. borough

Persian[edit]

Dari Persian شهر
Iranian Persian شهر
Tajiki Persian шаҳр (šahr)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian 𐭱𐭲𐭥𐭩(šahr). Compare Old Persian 𐎧𐏁𐏂𐎶 (xšaça-).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

شهر (šahr) (plural شهرها(šahr-hâ))

  1. (obsolete) land, country
  2. city, town

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]