شيخ

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See also: شیخand سیخ

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ش ي خ (š-y-ḵ), related to the verb شَاخَ (šāḵa, to age, to grow old).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

شَيْخ (šayḵm (plural شُيُوخ (šuyūḵ) or أَشْيَاخ (ʾašyāḵ) or مَشْيَخَة (mašyaḵa) or مَشَايِخ (mašāyiḵ) or مَشَائِخ (mašāʾiḵ))

  1. elderly gentleman, elder
  2. sheik, chief, chieftain, patriarch
  3. senator
  4. sheik; Dr.; professor (title of professors and spiritual leaders)
  5. sir (respectful title of address)
  6. master (someone outstanding or excellent)
    شَيْخُ الشَّباب‎ ― šayḵu š-šabābthe greatest of all guys (literally, “the master of youths”)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “شيخ”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, ISBN 0-87950-003-4