صبح

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See also: ص ب ح

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ص ب ح(ṣ-b-ḥ).

Verb[edit]

صَبَحَ (ṣabaḥa) I, non-past يَصْبَحُ‎‎ (yaṣbaḥu)

  1. to offer a morning draught to (someone)

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

صَبُحَ (ṣabuḥa) I, non-past يَصْبُحُ‎‎ (yaṣbuḥu)

  1. to be beautiful, to be handsome, to be pretty
  2. to be graceful
  3. to beam, to be radiant

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

صَبَحَ (ṣabaḥa) I, non-past يَصْبَحُ‎‎ (yaṣbaḥu) (Classical Arabic)

  1. to be reddish, have reddish locks among grey hair
    Synonyms: اِصْبَاحَّ‎(iṣbāḥḥa), صَهِبَ(ṣahiba)

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

صَبَّحَ (ṣabbaḥa) II, non-past يُصَبِّحُ‎‎ (yuṣabbiḥu)

  1. to offer a morning draught
  2. to come in the morning
  3. to wish a good morning

Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

صُبْح (ṣubḥm (plural أَصْبَاح(ʔaṣbāḥ))

  1. (chiefly modern) the time from sunrise to noon, morning
    Synonym: (literary) ضَحْوَة(ḍaḥwa, forenoon)
  2. (archaic) the time from morning twilight to sunrise, dayspring
    Synonym: فَجْر(fajr, dawn)
    1. (Islam) the first of the five obligatory Islamic daily prayers, the daybreak prayer
      Synonym: فَجْر(fajr, the dawn prayer)

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Noun[edit]

صَبْح (ṣabḥm

  1. verbal noun of صَبَحَ (ṣabaḥa) (form I)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Freytag, Georg (1833), “صبح”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 2, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, pages 475–476
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860), “صبح”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc (in French), volume 1, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, pages 1303–1304
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “صبح”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “صبح”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, pages 692–693

Gujarati[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian صبح(sobh).

Noun[edit]

صبح (subahf (Standard Gujarati સુબહ) (Lisan ud-Dawat)

  1. morning, dawn

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic صُبْح(ṣubḥ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari صبح
Iranian Persian
Tajik субҳ (subh)

صبح (sobh)

  1. morning

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic صُبْح(ṣubḥ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sˤubħ/, [ˈsˤʊ.b(o)ħ]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

صبح (ṣubḥm

  1. morning

See also[edit]

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persian صبح(sobh), from Arabic صُبْح(ṣubḥ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

صبح (subh, subah or subāf (Hindi spelling सुबह)

  1. morning
    Antonym: شام(śām)
  2. dawn
    Synonym: سویرا(saverā)

Declension[edit]

Declension of صبح
singular plural
direct صبح(subh) صبحیں(subhẽ)
oblique صبح(subh) صبحوں(subhõ)
vocative صبح(subh) صبحو(subho)

Adverb[edit]

صبح (subah) (Hindi spelling सुबह)

  1. in the morning