صبر

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See also: ص ب ر

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ص ب ر(ṣ-b-r).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

صَبَرَ (ṣabara) I, non-past يَصْبِرُ‎‎ (yaṣbiru)

  1. to be patient, to have patience
  2. to bind, to tie, to fetter, to shackle
  3. to persevere, to endure
  4. to refrain, to abstain, to renounce

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

صَبَّرَ (ṣabbara) II, non-past يُصَبِّرُ‎‎ (yuṣabbiru)

  1. to ask to be patient, to admonish to be patient
  2. to console, to comfort
  3. to conserve
  4. to preserve, to can
Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

صَبْر (ṣabrm

  1. verbal noun of صَبَرَ (ṣabara) (form I)
  2. fettering, shackling
  3. patience, forbearance
  4. composure, self-control
  5. equanimity, steadfastness
  6. perseverance, endurance, hardiness
Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Bashkir: сабыр (sabïr, patience)
  • Malay: sabar
  • Persian: صبر
  • Turkish: sabır

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

صَبِر or صَبْر (ṣabir or ṣabrm

  1. aloe
    Synonym: أَلْوَة(ʾalwa)
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Middle Armenian: սապռ (sapṙ), սապր (sapr)
    • Armenian: սապռ (sapṙ), սապր (sapr, bitter substance spread on nipples to wean off babies) (dialectal)
  • Ottoman Turkish: صبر(sabır)
  • Persian: صبر(sabir)

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

صَبَّرَ (ṣabbara) II, non-past يُصَبِّرُ‎‎ (yuṣabbiru)

  1. (nautical) to ballast
Conjugation[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Freytag, Georg (1833), “صبر”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum, volume 2, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, pages 476–477
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860), “صبر”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc (in French), volume 1, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, pages 1305–1306
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “صبر”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “صبر”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 693–694

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic صَبْر(ṣabr).

Noun[edit]

صبر (sabr)

  1. patience
  2. tolerance

Related terms[edit]