صبر

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See also: ص ب ر

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ص ب ر(ṣ-b-r).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

صَبَرَ (ṣabara) I, non-past يَصْبِرُ‎‎ (yaṣbiru)

  1. to be patient, to have patience
  2. to bind, to tie, to fetter, to shackle
  3. to persevere, to endure
  4. to refrain, to abstain, to renounce
Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

صَبَّرَ (ṣabbara) II, non-past يُصَبِّرُ‎‎ (yuṣabbiru)

  1. to ask to be patient, to admonish to be patient
  2. to console, to comfort
  3. to conserve
  4. to preserve, to can
Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

صَبْر (ṣabrm

  1. verbal noun of صَبَرَ (ṣabara) (form I)
  2. fettering, shackling
  3. patience, forbearance
  4. composure, self-control
  5. equanimity, steadfastness
  6. perseverance, endurance, hardiness
Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Bashkir: сабыр (sabïr, patience)
  • Malay: sabar
  • Persian: صبر
  • Rohingya: sobór
  • Turkish: sabır
  • Uyghur: سەۋر(sewr)
  • Uzbek: sabr

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ص ب ر(ṣ-b-r).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

صَبِر or صَبْر (ṣabir or ṣabrm

  1. aloe
    Synonyms: أَلْوَة(ʾalwa), مَقْر(maqr)
  2. (Classical Arabic) bitterness; juice of any bitter plant, aloe, myrrh
    Synonym: مَقْر(maqr)
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

صَبَّرَ (ṣabbara) II, non-past يُصَبِّرُ‎‎ (yuṣabbiru)

  1. (nautical) to ballast
Conjugation[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Freytag, Georg (1833), “صبر”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 2, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, pages 476–477
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860), “صبر”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc (in French), volume 1, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, pages 1305–1306
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “صبر”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “صبر”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 693–694

Etymology 4[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

صَبَر (ṣabarm (collective, singulative صَبَرَة‎ f (ṣabara), plural أَصْبَار(ʾaṣbār))

  1. (collective) ice
Declension[edit]

Bulgar[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

صبر (Sabar)

  1. Sabir

References[edit]

  • Tekin, Talât (1988) Volga Bulgar kitabeleri ve Volga Bulgarcası[1], Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi, →ISBN, page 86

Malay[edit]

Adjective[edit]

صبر

  1. Jawi spelling of sabar

North Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic صبر‎.

Verb[edit]

صبر (ṣabbar) (form II, non-past يصبّر(yṣabber))

  1. to embalm (a corpse)
  2. to stuff (an animal)
  3. to turn into ice, to freeze
  4. to become numb from the cold

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic صَبْر(ṣabr).

Noun[edit]

صبر (sabr)

  1. patience
  2. tolerance

Related terms[edit]


South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
ص ب ر

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic صَبَرَ(ṣabara).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sˤa.bar/, [ˈsˤʌ.bʌrˤ]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

صبر (ṣabar) (form I, present بصبر(boṣbor))

  1. to be patient
Conjugation[edit]
    Conjugation of صبر (ṣabar)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m صبرت (ṣabart) صبرت (ṣabart) صبر (ṣabar) صبرنا (ṣabarna) صبرتو (ṣabartu) صبرو (ṣabaru)
f صبرتي (ṣabarti) صبرت (ṣabrat)
present m بصبر (baṣbor) بتصبر (btoṣbor) بصبر (boṣbor) منصبر (mnoṣbor) بتصبرو (btoṣboru) بصبرو (boṣboru)
f بتصبري (btoṣbori) بتصبر (btoṣbor)
subjunctive m أصبر (ʔaṣbor) تصبر (toṣbor) يصبر (yoṣbor) نصبر (noṣbor) تصبرو (toṣboru) يصبرو (yoṣboru)
f تصبري (toṣbori) تصبر (toṣbor)
imperative m اصبر (oṣbor) اصبرو (oṣboru)
f اصبري (oṣbori)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic صَبْر(ṣabr)

Noun[edit]

صبر (ṣabrm

  1. patience