ظفر

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ظ ف ر(ẓ-f-r), inherited from Proto-Semitic *θ̣upr-, *θ̣ipr-.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ðˤufr/
    • (file)
  • IPA(key): /ðˤu.fur/

Noun[edit]

ظُفْر or ظُفُر (ẓufr or ẓufurm (plural أَظْفَار(ʾaẓfār) or أَظَافِر(ʾaẓāfir) or أَظْفُر(ʾaẓfur) or أَظَافِير(ʾaẓāfīr))

  1. fingernail
  2. claw
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ظ ف ر(ẓ-f-r).

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Verb[edit]

ظَفِرَ (ẓafira) I, non-past يَظْفَرُ‎‎ (yaẓfaru) [+ بِ(object)] and [+ عَلَى(object)]

  1. to triumph over, to win, to superate
  2. to win, to gain, to receive
Conjugation[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

ظَفَّرَ (ẓaffara) II, non-past يُظَفِّرُ‎‎ (yuẓaffiru)

  1. to grant victory
Conjugation[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

ظَفَر (ẓafarm

  1. verbal noun of ظَفِرَ (ẓafira) (form I)
  2. obtainment, success, victory
  3. level ground
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Azerbaijani: zəfər
  • Persian: ظفر(zafar)

References[edit]

  • Freytag, Georg (1835) , “ظفر”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 3, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 87–88
  • Lane, Edward William (1863) , “ظفر”, in Arabic-English Lexicon, London: Williams & Norgate, page 1912
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884) , “ظفر”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary[1], London: W.H. Allen, page 656
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985) , “ظفر”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 800

Azerbaijani[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic зәфәр
Roman zəfər
Perso-Arabic ظفر

Noun[edit]

ظفر (zəfər) (definite accusative ظفری‎, plural ظفرلر‎)

  1. Arabic spelling of zəfər (triumph)

Declension[edit]


Hijazi Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic ظُفْر(ẓufr).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dˤifir/, [dˤe̞fe̞r]
    • IPA(key): /ðˤifir/ (alternative or rural pronunciation)

Noun[edit]

ظِفِر (ḍifirm (plural أظافر‎ (ʾaḍāfir) or أظافير‎ (ʾaḍāfīr))

  1. nail
  2. fingernail

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic ظُفْر(ẓufr).

Noun[edit]

ظفر (zafer)

  1. victory, triumph

Descendants[edit]


Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic ظُفْر(ẓufr).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ظفر (zafar)

  1. victory, triumph

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic ظُفْر(ẓufr).

Noun[edit]

ظفر (zafarm (Hindi spelling ज़फ़र)

  1. victory, triumph
  2. profit, gain
  3. success