ظهر

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See also: طهرand ظ ه ر

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ظ ه ر(ẓ-h-r).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ðˤa.ha.ra/
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

ظَهَرَ (ẓahara) I, non-past يَظْهَرُ‎‎ (yaẓharu)

  1. to be outward, to be external, on the surface
  2. to be visible, to become visible, to be manifest, to become manifest
  3. to be perceptible, to become perceptible, to be obvious, to become obvious
  4. to be clear, to become clear, to be evident, to become evident
  5. to come to light, to appear, to emerge
    اَلْكَلِمَةُ يَظْهَرُ فِي الجَسَدَ
    al-kalimatu yaẓharu fī l-jasada
    The Word Appears in the Flesh (a book presenting beliefs of The Church of Almighty God)
  6. to seem
  7. to come out, to be published
  8. to arise, to result
  9. (transitive) to climb, to mount, to ascend
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ظَهَّرَ (ẓahhara) II, non-past يُظَهِّرُ‎‎ (yuẓahhiru)

  1. to endorse
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ظَهْر (ẓahrm (plural ظُهُور(ẓuhūr) or أَظْهُر(ʾaẓhur))

  1. back, rear, reverse
  2. deck, surface, top
  3. (anatomy) back
  4. cast iron
Declension[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From the root ظ ه ر(ẓ-h-r). Cognate to Hebrew צהריים \ צָהֳרַיִם(tsohoráyim) and צוהר \ צֹהַר(tsóhar), and Aramaic טהרא(ṭahrā).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ظُهْر (ẓuhrm (plural أَظْهَار(ʾaẓhār))

  1. noon, midday
  2. (Islam) midday prayer
  3. afternoon, p.m.
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Hijazi Arabic: ظُهُر(ḍuhur)
  • Persian: ظهر(zohr)
  • Swahili: adhuhuri
  • English: dhuhr
  • Indonesian: zuhur

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “ظهر”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Hijazi Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic ظُهْر(ẓuhr).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ظهر (ḍuhurm

  1. noon

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic ظَهْر(ẓahr).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ظهر (ḍaharm

  1. (anatomy) back

Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic ظُهْر(ẓuhr).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari Persian ظهر
Iranian Persian
Tajik зӯҳр (zühr)

ظهر (zohr)

  1. noon, midday
    Synonym: نیمروز(nimruz)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic ظَهْر(ẓahr).

Noun[edit]

ظهر (zahr)

  1. (anatomy, obsolete) back
    Synonym: پشت(pošt)

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
ظ ه ر

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Arabic ظَهَرَ(ẓahara).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /zˤa.har/, [ˈzˤɑ.hɑrˤ]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

ظهر (ẓahar) (form I, present بظهر(biẓhir))

  1. to appear, to seem
    Synonym: بيّن(bayyan)

Conjugation[edit]

    Conjugation of ظهر (ẓahar)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m ظهرت (ẓahart) ظهرت (ẓahart) ظهر (ẓahar) ظهرنا (ẓaharna) ظهرتو (ẓahartu) ظهرو (ẓaharu)
f ظهرتي (ẓaharti) ظهرت (ẓahrat)
present m بظهر (baẓhir) بتظهر (btiẓhir) بظهر (biẓhir) منظهر (mniẓhir) بتظهرو (btiẓhiru) بظهرو (biẓhiru)
f بتظهري (btiẓhiri) بتظهر (btiẓhir)
subjunctive m أظهر (ʔaẓhir) تظهر (tiẓhir) يظهر (yiẓhir) نظهر (niẓhir) تظهرو (tiẓhiru) يظهرو (yiẓhiru)
f تظهري (tiẓhiri) تظهر (tiẓhir)
imperative m اظهر (iẓhir) اظهرو (iẓhiru)
f اظهري (iẓhiri)